MIGRATION; It is defined as the departure of an individual from the society/country to another country for economic, political and social reasons. This is not just a physical act, it has psychological effects. There has been a lot of research on migration and mental health.
People voluntarily or involuntarily leave their country and immigrate to a different country for certain reasons in their lives. As a result of this migration, even if it is not a forced departure, but a voluntary departure. longing and mental difficulties is expressed. Individuals miss their family, country, friends and pets, if any. No matter how good the conditions of the host country are, individuals may sometimes encounter problems such as not being able to cope with the feeling of longing, social support problems, social anxiety, heavy working conditions, inability to keep up with the culture of the country, prejudices, stigma, language problems, low income, decreased socialization, and introversion. . These problems can bring depression, panic disorder, stress, anxiety, unhappiness, disharmony, post-traumatic stress disorderand anxiety situations may arise. You may not be able to cope with these difficult times alone because lack of social supportand social anxietyIt slows down and complicates the acclimatization process considerably. Social support Although its importance is not sufficiently understood, it is very important for the individual. It helps individuals of all ages cope with life more effectively. social anxiety On the other hand, people with social problems have difficulties in most of the social environments and stated that they feel clumsy and nervous when talking to others. They are very concerned about what other people think of them, and they get quite nervous when meeting someone new or in public. Most of the time, they think that what they do is wrong and what they say is stupid, and they get so caught up in their conversation that they can’t carry out the conversation after a while. It is quite difficult for them to meet new people, as they are more shy than other people. For these reasons I have mentioned, living in a new country, speaking a new language, meeting new people and living in a new society. having social anxietyand lacking/not feeling social support It is quite challenging for humans. All of the reasons I have mentioned make the acclimation process quite long and this brings with it adaptation problems. In this process professional support It can be very good for you and it is very important. This will help you get through the strain more easily.
Getting used to the foreign country
When you are abroad, you may feel lonely, unhappy, anxious, longing, surprised, angry, and rejected by new culture members. This puts you in a lot of trouble. The reason for all this is because it is out of the ordinary. culture shockis your life. The researches done It has been shown that while some people experience this process more controlled, others do not keep up with the new culture and turn to negative behaviors such as substance use. Other methods you can do besides psychological support in order to get used to being abroad and to adapt more easily;
– You can enroll in language courses in order to speak the language better. (Seeing other people in your situation can boost your self-confidence.) – You can join hobby courses for fun.
– Tour etc. You can be active at events.
– You can do sports or regular walking. (Scientifically, walking reduces stress.)
– By reading books specific to that country/culture, you can both improve your language and learn things you don’t know.
CHALLENGES FACED BY TURKISH MIGRANT
Turks in the beginning of the 1960s economic, political, social, etc. Due to difficulties, they migrated from their country to another country, but the main reason for this migration is to find a job and work. Although this migration was predominantly male citizens at the beginning, later on, work etc. When they settled down, they wanted their whole family with them and they increased the Turkish population in the country considerably. Migration at the beginning Germany mainly because the job opportunities there were more at that time. (factories etc.) Turkish citizens who migrated started to work in low-budget places in Germany where the citizens did not want to work. Later, immigration continued to many different countries of the world. As we mentioned at the beginning of our article, MIGRATION PSYCHOLOGY It has put a lot of pressure on our Turkish citizens in the process of getting used to a new culture. Turks experienced culture shock. Difficulties were not only caused by homesickness, but also problems such as housing, inequality of opportunity (housing opportunities, job opportunities), exclusion, education, language, unemployment, hostility (in the 2000s). In addition, most of our citizens who went to Germany in 1961 immigrated from rural cities, which caused them to face adaptation problems. Rapport
The problem of immigration is one of the most important problems brought with it. Since the culture, language, religion, working hours and even the way people communicate with each other are different, the fact that our citizens were not able to adapt to all these immediately, and that they were forced, also caused them to wear out psychologically. Very few of the Turkish citizens who went first tongue Language is at the forefront of this adaptation problem because it knows the language. The fact that they couldn’t tell their problems, that they had a hard time even asking something, and that they couldn’t understand what was told, caused our citizens to become introverted and socially backward as well as not being able to adapt. In later generations, the language problem disappeared to some extent and they grew up learning the language, but this time they could not learn enough Turkish or enough German. This led to failure in school and educational problems.
The living conditions of the Turkish citizens who first went to Germany were a little worse than normal conditions, which made them feel excluded and unhappy. After a while, they were able to overcome this problem by renting a house.
Finally, to mention xenophobia; Since the Turks worked too many hours with very low salaries, the choice of employment was now in favor of our first citizens. This made the citizens of that country very angry, and they considered the reason for being unemployed as the emigration of the Turks. In fact, this situation led to many incidents such as attacking Turks in some European countries. Although the situation is not as bad as before, we cannot say that it has completely improved.