Kidney stones are sometimes excreted in the urine without causing any symptoms. However, if the size of the stone is large, it may cause obstruction when it passes from the kidney to the ureter. The ureter is a tube-shaped organ that connects the kidney and bladder. If the kidney stone gets stuck in this small tube, it blocks the flow of urine and the urine starts to collect in the kidney.
This causes a sudden onset of sharp pain in the back, at waist level, on the sides or under the ribs. The pain may radiate to the abdomen and groin. You may experience pain or a burning sensation while urinating. Apart from these, other symptoms seen in the case of stones in the urinary tract can be counted as pink/red urine, bad odor or turbidity in the urine, constant urge to urinate, nausea and vomiting, and fever. The combination of conditions that cause the risk of stone formation in the urinary tract can cause stone formation. High levels of substances such as calcium, uric acid, and oxalate that can form crystals in the urine, and low levels of substances that prevent crystal formation in the urine may result in the formation of stones in the urinary tract.
Stating that determining the type of stone formed is important in terms of preventing the recurrence of stone formation in the future, Kurt continued as follows:
“Calcium stones are the most common type of stone, usually seen as calcium oxalate crystals. Consuming foods rich in oxalate such as chips, peanuts, chocolate, and spinach increases the risk of calcium stone formation. Uric acid stones are more common in men than women. Gout This disease can also be seen in those who have chemotherapy treatment. Eating a diet rich in protein may pose a risk in terms of uric acid stones. Struvite stones are stones that can occur due to urinary tract infection, because their size is usually large, they may cause obstruction in the urinary tract. Cystine stones are a rare condition. stone type.
It is a condition observed in those with a genetic disease called cystinuria. If a person has one or more risk factors, the likelihood of developing kidney stones increases. These factors include personal or family history of kidney stones, low fluid consumption, different types of diet, such as high salty food consumption, obesity, digestive system disorders, previous stomach and intestinal surgeries, some genetic diseases such as cystinuria, diuretic, The use of certain groups of drugs such as antiepileptics and calcium-based antacids may lead to the formation of kidney stones.
Kurt noted the following regarding the diagnosis and treatment of stones in the urinary tract:
In the diagnosis, blood and urine tests are requested first. Ultrasound or computerized tomography examinations are used to visualize the stone in the urinary tract. Treatment varies according to the size of the stone and the damage it causes. It is recommended that the patient drink plenty of water in the treatment of small stones that do not cause a serious condition. Small stones may come together and become larger when they sit in the urine. Consuming a lot of liquid prevents this situation as it enables frequent urination. Severe pain caused by the stone is alleviated by giving painkillers to those who shed small stones. Large stones can be treated in different ways, depending on the location of the stone and the damage it causes.