Emotional Intelligence in 3-4 Year Old Children

General Characteristics of 3-4 Year Old Children:

A three-year-old is an individual who can use his body easily, speaks properly, communicates verbally with his environment, and has the ability to play with his peers, albeit for short periods of time. He enjoys being with his parents, playing with them and talking to them. She is curious about her surroundings. She wants to know the why and how of events. That’s why she likes to be talked to and asked questions.

The three-year-old’s ability to use language is highly developed. The quality of the language used by adults, the frequency of speaking with the child, the intensity of answering or asking questions are extremely important in the language development of the child. The three-year-old, who is also successful in listening, enjoys listening to simple and not too long stories and repeating simple songs.

The three-year-old is largely self-centered. However, he starts to learn to share some rules that are valid in the family, to be patient in order to fulfill his wishes. He enjoys playing by himself from time to time and watching other children play. Even if he enjoys being together with his peers, he cannot maintain it for long. It is about the outside world and those around it. Enjoys imitating the behavior of adults.

A four-year-old is an individual who can act on his own, ask questions, make choices, and give information about himself. Asks a lot of questions, listens to the explanations with interest. He watches the adult, tries to repeat what he has done, takes his behavior as an example. Over time, the most repetitive behavior characteristics of the adult begin to become behavioral patterns for the child. He still has problems mixing fantasy with reality. He likes to tell imaginative stories about what he does.

Some parents worry that the child is lying. However, this situation is not a lie, it is a temporary situation caused by the child’s cognitive development, not being able to fully distinguish the border between the real and the unreal. This situation disappears on its own when the child is able to distinguish between the real and the unreal.

Emotional intelligence:

It is the ability to recognize and realize one’s own emotions, to empathize with others and to use their emotions in all areas of their lives. Emotional intelligence is not concerned with how smart a child is, but with how developed their social and emotional skills are.

How Does Emotional Intelligence Development Occur in Children, Especially in the Age of 3-4?

Emotional intelligence development is related to the quality of the child’s relationship with his parents and other adults. The relationship with adults affects the child’s future attitudes and behaviors. Recognizing the child’s feelings, understanding himself and others, and adopting appropriate attitudes and behaviors depend on the relationship he establishes with his environment.

The child learns to recognize and express his feelings, how to respond to the feelings of others, how to find a solution in the face of a situation and how to cope with stress, thanks to the warm, loving and positive relationship he establishes with the adult. Children aged 3-4 begin to both recognize and express their emotions, as well as understand the emotions of others, as they begin to be more social and their language comprehension and expression skills begin to progress.

Children whose feelings and thoughts are cared for, whose feelings are not rejected, and who develop emotionally healthy, become individuals who are self-confident, able to control their emotions, solve problems, and establish positive relationships.

Suggestions for Emotional Intelligence Enhancement Parents

  • Help her recognize her feelings

  • Teach them to express their feelings

  • Spend quality time with your child

  • Encourage them to do

  • Ask her opinion on matters that concern her as well.

  • listen to your child

  • Share your experiences and feelings

  • Express and show your feelings

  • Support communication skills

  • Gain problem-solving skills

  • Give age-appropriate responsibilities

Characteristics of Children with High Emotional Intelligence

  • They stay away from things that will harm them (drink, drugs, cigarettes, etc.)

  • Because they can express themselves, they are easily understood by others.

  • They have the ability to understand others and approach people with empathy.

  • They become optimistic. They are full of hope.

  • They like to help.

  • They are honest. They don’t lie

  • They like to share.

  • They avoid a fight

  • They settle the conflicts by going to the solution way

  • They are in good relations.

  • They make good and healthy decisions about themselves

  • they are happy people

  • They are curious and love to learn

  • They focus their attention on a subject, focus on the task assigned to them, and get it done.

  • They are willing to succeed, they motivate themselves.

  • They motivate others as well as themselves.

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