Emergency Approach in Dentistry
Problems may arise in the teeth at unexpected times. In such cases, the correct first aid is of great importance. With simple applications to be made at this stage, problems that may be difficult to solve later can be eliminated.
What Are the Dental Problems Requiring Emergency Intervention?
Food deposits on and between the teeth causing pain should be cleaned using a toothbrush and dental floss, and the mixture obtained by adding half a teaspoon of salt to half a glass of water should be rinsed in the mouth. Aspirin and similar painkillers should never be placed on the aching tooth. Due to their chemical structure, these drugs cause irritation to the gums and surrounding soft tissues. This leads to the emergence of a new pain in addition to the toothache. If there is swelling on the face due to inflammation, a cold compress should be applied to that area. If there is a cavity in the tooth due to caries, a little bit of clove oil-impregnated cotton can be placed there. This will help reduce pain. However, it should not be forgotten that clove oil, which has a destructive feature on soft tissues, should not be used more than necessary.
Points to be Considered in Tooth Breakage
The broken piece of tooth should be kept if possible, as it can help with the treatment.
You should go to the dentist without wasting time.
If there is bleeding in the area, pressure should be applied to this area with a clean gauze cloth. However, if the bleeding does not stop, the nearest health institution should be consulted immediately.
Tooth fractures, dislocation or protrusion of the teeth, injuries to the oral tissue and concussions usually occur as a result of crashes, falls and accidents during sports activities. In such cases, suitable protectors should be used against the risks of sports activities especially for children.
If the tooth is displaced in its own socket due to the impact, it should be tried to return the tooth to its original position with a slight finger pressure.
What should be done in case of permanent tooth eruption?
If possible, the displaced tooth should be found. The found tooth should be held by the crown part. The tooth should not be held by the root part, so that further damage to the tissues here should be prevented. Foreign materials on the tooth, which is held from the crown, should be washed under running water. In the meantime, the tooth should never be rubbed or tried to be cleaned with a brush or similar tool. After these procedures, the tooth should be tried to be placed in the socket. However, excessive pressure should not be applied at this stage. This can cause serious damage to the tooth and tooth socket. If the tooth is placed in its socket, it should be bitten by placing a clean gauze on it to keep it stable. After these first interventions, a dentist should be consulted without delay in order to regain the displaced tooth and prevent further damage to the dental tissues. If the tooth cannot be placed in its socket, it should be preserved in milk or water until it goes to the dentist. It should not be forgotten that the tooth, which is protected under appropriate conditions and delivered to the dentist within half an hour at the latest, has a 90 percent chance of surviving by placing it back in its own socket.
Lip and Cheek Injuries
The injured area should be cleaned with warm water. If there is bleeding in the injured area, pressure should be applied with a gauze pad. A cold compress should be applied to the outside of the cheek or lip. If the wound is large and the bleeding cannot be stopped, a dentist or health institution should be consulted immediately.
Bleeding After Tooth Extraction
Light bleeding is common after tooth extraction. However, if there is severe bleeding, a dentist or the nearest health institution should be consulted immediately. Bleeding in the form of leakage will stop if the gauze placed on the extraction site is kept for a while by applying pressure. If the bleeding is still not stopped, a dentist or a health care provider should be consulted.
Recommendations After Tooth Extraction
After leaving the doctor’s office after the extraction, the tampon applied with gauze should be kept in place by biting. If there is bleeding, the second tampon can be put into the shooting place. It is normal to have bleeding in the form of leakage for 4-6 hours after the extraction. After the shooting, you can lie down with the head elevated. After the shooting, nothing should be eaten for 2 hours, especially hot drinks should be avoided. Alcohol and drugs that can increase bleeding should not be taken. If any problem occurs (increased bleeding, prolonged, severe pain, etc.), a dentist should be consulted.