Teeth that do not erupt by staying in the jawbone even though it is time to erupt are called impacted teeth. Mostly wisdom teeth, rarely canine teeth and very rarely other teeth may remain impacted.
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth that erupt between the ages of 17-35 and are located behind the second molars. They are also called wisdom teeth. Whether or not these teeth should be left in the mouth is still controversial. Teeth that are in an abnormal position and do not erupt and do not damage the surrounding tissues do not need to be extracted. These teeth are mostly buried or semi-impacted in the jawbone due to various tooth eruption problems such as narrow jaw curvature, incorrect eruption position, and dense bone in that area.
Wisdom teeth are the teeth that cause the most problems. Because they remain embedded, they can cause inflammation and sometimes cysts without any symptoms such as pain. They can also push the other teeth forward, causing curvature and crowding in the teeth. The 20-year-old teeth, which are in a semi-erupted state in the mouth, are prone to decay because they cannot be fully cleaned with a toothbrush. These teeth may need to be removed due to the pain and bad breath caused by caries. Sometimes, in patients who wear braces (under orthodontic treatment) or undergo prosthesis treatment, even though they do not cause any problems, they should be removed in order not to impair the progress of the treatment. We liken wisdom teeth to “time bombs”. They may remain silent for a long time, causing sudden facial swelling, locking of the jaws, or severe pain. For this reason, these types of teeth should be checked and extracted if necessary.
A poorly positioned 20-year-old female needs to be extracted whether it causes problems or not. The extraction of these teeth is carried out with a minor surgery after the injection of a needle that numbs the relevant area, without putting the patient to sleep. Since the impacted tooth may fuse with the jawbone over time and the healing will take longer as the age progresses, this surgery is more difficult to perform in advanced ages. After the operation, the operation area heals in an average of 1 week with the proper use of drugs such as antibiotics, painkillers and mouthwash that your doctor will give you.