Effects of Sleep Pattern on Meal Pattern

Diet and habits are affected by many psychological and social factors.

Sleep patterns and the time spent in sleep also seriously affect eating habits.

Sleep pattern and duration affect our body mass index and body measurements by affecting people’s health, energy metabolism, influencing the amount of time we spend sedentary during the day, and changing the amount of food intake.

In a study conducted on adolescents, it is seen that individuals who sleep less than 8 hours spend more sedentary time when they are awake, tend to consume more fast food, and consume less fruit and vegetables compared to adolescents who sleep adequately and eat healthy. Therefore, body mass index and adiposity rates are higher in individuals who sleep less than 8 hours, especially in young girls.

Other studies support this study, the reduced sleep duration and sleep quality push people to be more inactive during the day, and at the same time, they prefer to consume foods that are easy to consume but high in calories and low in healthy food items, packaged, high in sugar and trans fat. It is also seen that individuals with short sleep periods tend to eat fewer main meals instead of consuming 3 main meals apart from their general eating habits, and to consume high-calorie, low-volume and satiating snacks frequently at night.

In the short term, the effect of reduced sleep duration is not seen as serious, but when it becomes chronic, it poses a serious risk factor for obesity and other chronic diseases.

In the same way, sleeping for a long time can cause health problems by causing negative effects on the diet.

To summarize, nutrition constitutes a whole with one’s lifestyle and a quality sleep and ideal sleep duration are also necessary to acquire healthy eating habits.

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