Effects of Covid-19 on Morbid Obese

The COVID-19 epidemic, which has affected the whole world, has become one of the most important health problems of today. Although the disease has become a threat to almost everyone, those with chronic conditions are at greater risk.

It is very important for the body to be healthy in order to cope with any virus, because a strong immune system is our greatest weapon. It is a scientific fact that chronic diseases weaken the immune system and cause a person to face various health problems.

It is known that the coronavirus affects especially those with asthma, diabetes, heart and kidney diseases and obesity patients more. Obesity causes metabolic syndrome. It is the precursor of many health problems such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure and diabetes, which are seen in people who are overweight and have a large waist circumference.

Especially morbidly obese people with a Body Mass Index of 40 and above are a large risk group for COVID-19 with their disease burden. Morbid obesity increases the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome, a major complication of COVID-19. In addition, it was accepted by the medical authorities that those who had the disease had a harder time getting through the process.

  • A study conducted between March 1 and April 2, covering 4,103 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in New York City, revealed this situation. In the study, it was revealed that the highest risk group included the elderly, those with a Body Mass Index of 40 and above, and heart patients.

  • Obesity doubles the risk of severe pneumonia as a result of COVID-19, especially in men, according to a study from China.

  • When we look at France, it is seen that half of the 124 patients taken into custody at the hospital are obese.

  • It was reported that 75 percent of 6,720 patients treated in intensive care units in England were overweight and obese.

Young obese are also at risk

While obesity and older age are risk factors for COVID-19, new scientific research shows that overweight youth are also at risk. Again, the results of two studies conducted in New York are remarkable…

When 3 thousand 615 people under the age of 60 with a positive diagnosis were examined, it was seen that their Body Mass Index was between 30-34. It also turned out that obesity is the ‘most common underlying condition’ for patients under 60 who are hospitalized for COVID-19.

When we consider all this information, it is clear that there is a relationship between obesity (especially those with a Body Mass Index of 35 or more) and COVID-19. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has added obesity to the list of risk factors for COVID-19.

While more research is needed on this topic, we do know that obesity can have a significant impact on lung function. Excessive weight around the abdomen can compress the chest, making it difficult for the diaphragm to move and the lungs to expand, thus getting air. This may contribute to low oxygen levels in the blood, which exacerbates COVID-19 symptoms.

We also know that obesity develops as a result of chronic inflammation, which can impair the body’s immune response. This can potentially make it harder for the body to fight the coronavirus.

Health centers may not be enough

Problems waiting for obesity patients can also be seen in non-full-fledged health institutions. It should be kept in mind that obese patients cannot benefit from imaging techniques due to the weight limit on some machines and it is more difficult for them to be intubated in the intensive care unit. It should also be noted that larger beds and moving equipment may be needed.

The fact that gyms are closed during the quarantine period has led to a decrease in physical activity. Prolonging the time spent at home can cause more food to be consumed due to boredom. It is also known that obesity patients need psychological support. It is also possible for them to experience emotional hunger in this process.

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