Eczema (Dermatitis)

Eczema is a term used to describe any kind of red, water-filled blisters, watery, brown, thickened skin rash. Examples include dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, nummular dermatitis.

Seborrheic dermatitis (Oily eczema)

The classic sign of this disease is yellow oily dandruff on a fry. Rashes are most common in areas where oil secretion is high, such as the scalp, both sides of the nose, eyebrows, eyelashes, behind the ears, back and chest. But it can also be seen in other body areas. Seborrheic dermatitis can be easily controlled with medical treatment, but it tends to recur. It may be possible to keep the disease under control with the use of a number of special shampoos or cleansers.

contact dermatitis

Hand eczema is a very common skin condition. In many people, it starts out as simple dryness. Eczema manifests itself as blotchy, reddened, crusted and swelling over time. Many different substances can irritate the hand. The most common of these are; long-term and frequent contact of hands with water, very dry and cold weather, soaps, detergents, solvents, cleaning agents, chemicals, rubber gloves, jewelry and leather care products.

After the skin has developed redness and dryness, even contact with substances considered harmless, such as water or baby products, irritate the hands and worsen the eczema picture. Your skin will improve significantly in a short time by removing the irritating product you are using.

The susceptibility to skin reactions is often inherited. Individuals with this predisposition may have a history of hay fever or asthma, or a history of food allergies. Atopic dermatitis in this table (eczema)is named.

Your dermatologist will work with you to find the possible cause of your hand eczema. In order to determine whether the table is an irritation or an allergy, you will encounter many questions besides your doctor’s examination. Presence and course of similar ailments you have had before, presence of asthma – hay fever or a history of similar allergies, other health problems, medications you are using, substances that your hands come into contact with frequently, and the cosmetic product you are using. If a skin infection is suspected, some special tests may be requested. (wound culture, fungal examination, etc.)

The factors of hand eczema are evaluated in three main categories;

  • Triggered by external factors: It is called contact eczema. In order to detect the contacted substance, tests called patch tests may be required.

  • An internal triggered eczema (Internal eczema): It is generally the name given to eczema of unknown cause. Sometimes food-borne substances are also considered this type of eczema.

  • Fungal infections:It is diagnosed by examining the scraping taken from the skin under a microscope or by performing a fungal culture. It can be completely destroyed with appropriate medical treatment.

Hand Protection and Hand Health

It may take months for hands to return to normal. Regardless of the factor, the common wish of all patients is for their hands to return to normal and remain healthy. If the following rules are followed, the risk of developing redness or eczema on the hands is significantly reduced.

  • Use an automatic dishwasher whenever possible. If you have to wash dishes, use very little detergent besides using gloves.

  • Use warm water and very little soap when washing your hands. When rinsing, wash for 25-30 seconds in warm water to completely remove the waste soap. Always remove your rings when washing hands or working.

  • Wear suitable gloves to protect hands from drying and cracking in cold weather.

  • If the substances used in your job affect your hand health, contact the responsible person and try to correct the situation.

Hand eczema is not contagious. Although fungal infections can sometimes mimic eczema, they can be differentiated from eczema by a dermatologist with simple tests. Rashes on the hands may become worse for a while at the beginning of treatment, but will usually go into a period of improvement within a short time. New eczema areas may reoccur over healed rashes. Therefore, be sure to follow the above-mentioned precautions. However, if your complaints do not regress or increase, consult your doctor.

Atopic Dermatitis

The word atopy describes allergic or related diseases that often affect more than one member of a family. Allergies such as hay fever or asthma can be seen in these families, as well as skin rashes called Atopic Dermatitis. Atopic Dermatitis is a common disease in all parts of the world. Frequency in adulthood 3%, in infancy 10% are given as. Skin rashes are very itchy. The disease usually recovers in childhood or sometimes before the age of 25. However, the number of patients with lifelong atopy complaints is not low.

If the disease starts in the infantile period (infancy), the disease is called infantile eczema. Although itchy, watery, crusted wounds can be seen all over the body, atopic dermatitis is frequently seen on the face and scalp. Babies scratch itchy sores with their hands, pillows, or anything they can reach.

The disease usually regresses significantly by the age of two. While waiting for time-dependent regression, giving appropriate treatment according to the existing complaints may help to keep the disease under control. If atopic dermatitis occurs after 2 years of age or continues, the skin rashes are red, watery, dry, brown, scaly and chronic rather than red, crusty, and more severe in the evening hours.

Some patients scratch their skin until it bleeds. Such conditions may be a reason why the skin is more prone to infections. In teens, rashes typically occur on the inner elbow, back of the knee, face, wrists, ankles, neck, and upper chest.

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