Eating disorders; They are complex, distressing psychological conditions that are common in young people and women aged 15-24. One-tenth of those with the disorder are men. Eating disorders can affect every individual regardless of age, race, socio-economic status, sexual orientation, body structure, and weight.
They are separated as defined eating disorders.
-Anorexia Nervosa, they tend to avoid and restrict eating, set strict rules about food, and excessive control of what they eat. When anorexia settles, the person feels that he needs to lose weight even if he is extremely thin, and the desire to lose weight takes precedence.
– With bulimia nervosa, many are extremely afraid of getting fatter, even if they are at a perfectly healthy weight. They alternate between periods of extreme dieting and uncontrolled eating. When they start eating, they lose their ability to stop themselves. They try to get rid of this feeling by throwing away what they eat from their bodies by means of vomiting and laxatives.
Uncontrolled eating: They take in excess calories and tend to be overweight. He cannot control himself and thinks he has no strength to stop eating. During emotional transitions, eating and eating becomes her consolation.
-Eating and nutritional disorders; There is no definite limit in this disorder. Interruptions in relationships (with parents, peers), sexual abuse, physical traumas, mental and psychological diseases, medications, negative thoughts, etc. in early childhood.
Cognitive behavioral practices and personalized roadmaps should be determined in coping with eating disorders and should be supported with homework. Even a person’s cognitive view of the event is the first step towards coping with eating disorders. It is very important for the person to observe the practical exercises that he has created by writing on this subject, to observe himself, to record them in a notebook or standard diaries. Then the planning of meals, the number of meals and what to eat should be planned in advance. Negative thoughts should be found, automatic thoughts should be analyzed, and cognitive training should be given about thinking styles.
It should not be forgotten that this disorder, which has been going on for years, cannot be dealt with so easily. For this, the person should undergo psychological evaluations, get the necessary support, and work with the family for help. Encouraging, motivating words, small rewards are steps taken towards one’s recovery.