Don’t lose your teeth

It is a bacterial plaque that decays the teeth and dissolves the surrounding bone and gums. An hour after cleaning our teeth, the tooth surface begins to be covered with a sticky structure and various bacteria accumulate on it and form plaque. As the plaque stays on the teeth, dangerous bacteria begin to stick to others that have settled in the area before, decaying our teeth and melting our gums and bones. The critical time here is 24 hours, and therefore we should brush our teeth twice a day, and floss once and use an interdental brush if our teeth are spaced.

The gums do not need to be brushed, moreover, brushing causes recession. The place where brushing should start is the junction of the tooth and gingiva. For this reason, the bristles of the toothbrush should face down on the lower jaw and face up on the upper jaw. So separate the lower jaw teeth; We will brush the upper jaw teeth separately. Let’s make the brush bristles gather at the tooth-gingival junction line by pressing lightly. We vibrate the brush and turn it towards the tooth so that we move the plaque away from the gingiva. We need to repeat this movement five or six times everywhere. In order not to skip the surface, our recommendation is to start from the back of one side and brush to the other side and repeat this on the tongue-facing surfaces of the same teeth. We should do this with about one third of the tip, keeping the brush upright on the tongue-facing surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth.

With brushing, we can only clean the visible surfaces of the teeth. What about adjacent surfaces of teeth facing each other? Even the saliva that washes the teeth cannot reach these areas, so gum diseases and dental caries mostly occur in these areas. The only way to clean these surfaces is to use dental floss. If the rope is used properly, it works. Let’s break 40-45 cm of rope. Let’s wrap the middle fingers. Let’s curl the little, ring and middle fingers into the palm. Let’s hold the rope with the index or thumbs. The important thing here is that one finger of each hand should hold the rope, otherwise we cannot reach the back teeth. The second important tip is that the fingers holding the floss should be close to each other, if we keep it far away, we cannot control the floss and we can cut our gums. Since the teeth are oval, we have to wrap the tooth so that we can clean it. The best way to tell if we’re doing this right is to have the string and the fingers holding the string touch the adjacent tooth, one from the tongue and the other from the lip. Since the tooth has two interfaces, we must clean these faces separately for correct thread use.

If the gums on the facing sides of the teeth are receding or there is a gap between the teeth, we should also use an interdental brush in addition to dental floss for cleaning between the teeth. It consists of at least two types of brush tips, depending on the brush handle and brands. If the gaps are narrow, we should choose the thin shape, and if the gaps are wide, we should choose the brush tip. By choosing the most suitable brush tip for the gaps, we should intervene both from the lip-cheek side and the tongue, and clean the tooth surfaces by rubbing 4-5 times first one and then the other. It is necessary to replace the brush tip when it starts to wear out with use. It is used without paste.

Op. Dr. Demet CAN

periodontologist
Gum Diseases and Surgery Specialist

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