Don’t Let Hemorrhoids Ruin Your Quality of Life

Perhaps the most important treatment of hemorrhoids is prevention of its development. For this, too;

  • Plenty of fiber diet and drinking enough water; necessary for regular bowel movements

  • Stool softeners may be required for those with constipation.

  • Antidiarrheal treatments may be beneficial for those with frequent bowel movements.

What Should You Do If You Have Hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids can be seen and recognized directly in a physical examination by a Gastroenterology specialist or General Surgery specialist. In addition, the anal canal and the rectum part close to the anal canal are examined with the finger called rectal touch. If internal hemorrhoids are protruding, they can be seen or detected on rectal touch. Rectosigmoidoscopy in cases under the age of 50 and full colonoscopy in cases over the age of 50 are performed by a gastroenterology specialist, providing a definitive diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids, and other pathologies that may be confused with hemorrhoids can be excluded.

How Are Hemorrhoids Treated?

Most hemorrhoids can go away on their own or with some simple measures. If we examine these measures;

  • avoiding straining

  • Consumption of plenty of fiber + water in cases of constipation, stool softeners if necessary

  • hot sitz bath

  • Creams containing steroids to relieve pain and itching

Despite these measures, complaints may recur or not go away. In this case, non-surgical endoscopic methods can be applied by a gastroenterology specialist depending on the stage of your hemorrhoids. However, surgery may be required in the case of advanced hemorrhoids or unresponsive to these endoscopic treatments.

What are the Endoscopic Treatments of Hemorrhoids?

Rubber Band Ligation

A tape is placed around the hemorrhoids with a special apparatus placed at the end of the endoscopy. Thus, the blood flow of the hemorrhoid is cut off, and the degenerated hemorrhoidal structure, which fades over time, is treated by falling off the band within days. It is usually a painless intervention and after 24 hours the discomfort in the anus disappears. Painkillers can be used in cases of mild pain. Hot sitz baths also make it easier to get through this period.

Infrared Photocoagulation

A 15-volt tungsten-halogen lamp with a Teflon polymer at the tip produces infrared light. Infrared rays are given to each hemorrhoid breast for 1.5 seconds on average and three times. The heat generated destroys the hemorrhoidal pouches. Although the pain is less than band ligation, it is more effective in early stage (Stage I) hemorrhoids.

sclerotherapy

During sclerotherapy, a special chemical agent is injected into the hemorrhoid tissue and the hemorrhoid tissue is destroyed.

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