Diseases That Cause Dizziness in the Inner Ear

1.Meniere: It is a disease of unknown cause, which is characterized by fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus and dizziness as a result of increased edema in the inner ear fluid. It usually involves only one ear and has subgroups.
2. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: It is based on the principle of displacement of calcium crystals in the otolith organ in the semicircular canal formed by certain head movements. It is severe dizziness that lasts for seconds, there is no hearing loss. Which semi-circular channel it belongs to is tested and corrected with appropriate maneuvers.
3. Infectious labyrinthitis:It is an inner ear infection.
4.Vestibular neuritis: It is a degeneration thought to occur with viruses in the vestibular nerve. It is common. There is no hearing loss, there is severe dizziness and vomiting that lasts for days.
5.Otosclerosis:In the middle ear, calcification at the base of the stapes is more common, but it can affect the inner ear.
6. Perilymph fistula: It is an opening between the inner ear and middle ear. There is fluctuating hearing loss.
7. Acoustic neuroma: Acoustic neuroma is a benign, slow-growing tumor, most commonly in grade VIII. It originates from the superior vestibular branch of the cranial nerve. Most patients with acoustic neuromas experience unsteadiness rather than episodic vertigo.
8. Migraine
9.Cerebrovascular diseases
10. Trauma
11. Autoimmune inner ear vertigo: Proving the presence of antibodies and active lymphocytes against elements of an injured tissue is the definition of autoimmune disease. Eye symptoms such as Cogan’s syndrome and a disease with vertigo are examples of this.
12. Multiple sclerosis
13. Epilepsy
14. Allergy and dizziness:In particular, Meniere’s disease may be one of the causes.
15. Motion sickness: Like motion sickness, it occurs as a result of different transmission of movement signals by the eye, vestibular system and sense organs. It is most common between the ages of 2-12.

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