Depression is a condition that manifests itself with some emotional, mental, behavioral and physical symptoms.
The most striking symptom is a depressed mood and a marked decrease in interest and pleasure. depressed person
emotionally unhappy, pessimistic and hopeless. Even the things he used to do most fondly are no longer enjoyable.
has been. The person feels sad and lonely. He loses interest in himself and his surroundings. intense guilt
may have feelings. He thinks that he is a burden to everyone and does not fulfill his responsibilities unnecessarily.
thinker. It is usually accompanied by boredom, constriction, restlessness. Sometimes all your feelings
It may feel lost. Depression also inhibits our mental activities. The most common symptoms
inability to collect and forgetfulness.
The effect of depression on behavior, slowing down in movements due to decreased energy, extreme weakness
takes the form. Even simple daily chores become a burden for the person. Avoids social relationships, lonely
He prefers to stay and does not share his problems and troubles. There is also a significant decrease in sexual interest and desire.
Some somatic symptoms can occur in depression. Significant decrease in appetite, weight loss, sometimes complete
the opposite may be a tendency to overeat. One of the most common symptoms is insomnia. inability to fall asleep,
Problems such as frequent interruption of sleep or waking up too early in the morning may occur. In some people
There may be a tendency to oversleeping. Although these people sleep a lot, they do not wake up rested. head, neck
back, joint pain, gastrointestinal complaints may accompany.
DEPRESSION DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA (According to DSM-IV-TR):
A- During a two-week period with a change in previous level of functionality
five (or more) of the following symptoms are present; at least one of the symptoms
there must be either a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure.
1-Depressive mood almost every day, lasting for the whole day,
Depressed people feel a sense of depression, hopelessness and unhappiness that continues throughout the day. This
While feeling depressed is less at the beginning of the day, it increases further later in the day. food
The desire to do even routine things such as eating, walking, taking a shower, and putting on make-up may disappear.
2- Significant decrease in interest in all (or most) activities nearly every day, lasting nearly all day
or not being able to enjoy them as before. Depressed people used to enjoy
They become unable to enjoy things. Along with being socially withdrawn, he always sees
They may stay away from activities such as meeting with people.
3- Weight gain or weight loss, they start to eat more or less than they normally eat.
4- Almost every day, insomnia (insomnia) or hypersomnia (excessive sleep), especially getting out of bed
There may be a desire not to get out of bed, or a desire to go back to bed after getting out of bed. themselves as if
They feel as if their energy has been drained.
5- Almost every day, psychomotor agitation or retardation, daily behavior or school
experience slowing or regression in routine activities such as work. Difficulty completing the job they started
6- Almost every day, fatigue-fatigue or loss of energy, nothing about what they experience
They define it as the situation where the will to do is not come.
7- Feelings of worthlessness, excessive or inappropriate guilt almost every day
as people who are worthless, inadequate, unlovable, ugly, neglected and unworthy of being liked.
they can define. In addition, they often blame themselves for the events they have experienced in their past and
they criticize. There may be uncertainty about the future or lack of future plans.
8- The ability to think or concentrate on a particular topic almost every day.
decrease or instability. Difficulty concentrating on a job, book or subject, distraction,
They exhibit symptoms such as not understanding what they read, reading over and over again, and having difficulty thinking.
9- Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal thoughts and suicidal plans
to be. There may be thoughts of suicide or attempts to commit suicide.
10- People have negative thoughts about themselves, other people and the world. they live
They evaluate the events as permanent, permanent and originating from themselves.
B- These symptoms are associated with clinically significant distress or in social-occupational or other significant
causing impairment in functional areas. The symptoms experienced by the person are basic such as work and school.
may cause difficulty or disruption in activities.
C- In those who have experienced at least 2 of the above symptoms for at least 2 years, depression is mild but
The presence of dysthymia, which is the long-term form, is mentioned.
All these symptoms continue continuously for at least two weeks. Occupational, family and self-related
prevents them from fulfilling their responsibilities.
All of these symptoms do not have to be present at the same time. Sometimes depression is one of these symptoms.
part shows itself. In addition, the symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe, and the severity of the symptoms varies from person to person.
It can vary from person to person.
In addition to many psychological problems (for example, panic attacks, social phobia, sexual dysfunction)
disorders, marital problems, loss of a close person, etc.) depression may occur.
CAUSES OF DEPRESSION
There are many different theoretical explanations for the causes of depression. Medical explanations
It is suggested that it is caused by the dysregulation of certain neurochemical substances (for example, serotonin) in the brain.
For this reason, they recommend antidepressant medication.
Psychological explanations are the statements that a person has made about himself, other people, and events in the world.
suggest that false and irrational automatic thought stems from intermediate beliefs and basic schemas.
in progress. In his past, especially in his childhood, he encountered negative life events or
People whose self-esteem (self-confidence) is not developed or whose ability to deal with the world is not developed enough are now
difficulties in coping with the existing problem when they encounter negative life events in their lives.
suffers and falls into depression. With a simple analogy; How beautiful is the inside of the house you live in and
If the foundations of the house are not strong, no matter how well-maintained, the building will collapse in an earthquake. bases are easily
If you exaggerate the events that they exceed or do not care about, and this event you experience, your life is too much.
If it affects you, you may think that you have a personality prone to depression. For example, in the loss of a loved one (
For example, in the death of the father) after an average of six months, the person’s pain should decrease, but
Although more than 6 months have passed, the person still feels pain and pain almost like the first day.
If the person is experiencing a depressive mood, the person’s ability to cope with difficulties is low and has a history
We can think that his self (ego() is not sufficiently developed.
Everyone’s reasons for depression are different. However, some general
the situations are as follows;
If you have a family history of depression, you are prone to depression.
you can think.
Loss of a loved one, job loss, relocation
Health problems, especially cancer or a chronic health problem
Use of certain drugs or drugs
To give birth
Family, work, school problems
working in a stressful environment
Having another psychological problem (for example, panic attack, social phobia, etc.)
TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
People can become depressed for many different reasons. There are two main causes of depression; first one
The stress data events that exist in the person’s daily life, and the second is the negative experiences of the person in his/her past.
experiences and lives.
Just as everyone’s reason for getting depressed is different, the way they come out will be different. But for now
The most successful treatment method used in the treatment of depression in the world is cognitive behavioral therapy.
In this method, the psychologist tells the person the nature of negative automatic thoughts, how these thoughts are
It teaches you how to catch it, how to refute it and replace it with more functional and healthy new thoughts. This
as well as a past life psychologist who feeds the person’s automatic thoughts and reveals them
By identifying the events of the person and working on the traumatic and negative events in the past,
It removes the effects of the negative situations that have been experienced to this day. cognitive behavioral therapy
Its main purpose is to teach people to be their own psychologist. How does the person cope with the problems in therapy?
He/she learns that he/she will come out and recovers his/her life with the skills and methods he/she learned during the therapy and psychological support process.
gains the ability to actively deal with other problems that arise in the remaining part of the study.
There are many psychologists working in Izmir. In addition to this, your problems with NLP, hypnosis
There are many people who are not from the field claiming that they can solve it with methods etc. Depression
While getting support for treatment or any other psychological problem you are experiencing, whether the person you are going to is a psychologist or not.
Be sure to inquire whether What many clients do is search engines as a psychologist, or
I’m looking for a psychologist in Izmir, etc. by entering keywords and entering the first site they see, from the person mentioned on the site.
is to make an appointment. The person you apply for the problem you are experiencing must be a psychologist.
required. However, this is not enough either. Psychologists for those who have a 4-year psychology undergraduate education
title is given. However, people with the title of psychologist have a general knowledge and experience about psychology.
they have the hardware. It is not necessary to have a master’s degree in psychology to be able to do therapy.
For this reason, pay attention to whether the person you are applying for psychological support is a specialist psychologist.
needs to be done. This is the same with doctors. The general practitioner has little knowledge of any subject.
has. But for a serious problem, a specialist doctor is consulted, not a general practitioner. Therefore, the heart
There are special areas of specialization such as ophthalmology and psychiatry.
No matter how depression occurs, it is a psychological problem that can be treated. A few
With psychological support and psychotherapy, you have the chance to get rid of this problem for life.
If you don’t get treatment, you can stay depressed for a long time. Depression can come back and get worse
it could be. If you get the necessary help, you can start to recover within a few weeks.
In addition, other psychological problems such as depression, panic attacks, social phobia, family and couple problems, sexual problems.
often seen with problems.
COMMUNICATION WITH DEPRESSION
Do sports. Sports help keep the body fit and healthy and increase your energy level.
Don’t be alone too much, spend time with your friends and family
Ask for support from your environment when you have difficulties in areas such as work or school.
stay away from alcohol
watch what you eat
Do not sleep for more than 8 hours, make an effort to get out of bed
Create opportunities for your social activities
Learn new and better ways to deal with problems.
Imagine when you were happy
Make future plans.
Read self-help books (but not self-help)