Depression

In order to make the diagnosis of depression, some characteristics of the person should be questioned.

  1. Depressed Mood:a depressed, sad, gloomy and distressed mood state is observed in the individual.

  2. Indifference:You may lose interest in daily activities you previously enjoyed (such as reading, exercising, watching TV).

  3. responsiveness: Intolerance even in the smallest situations, outbursts of anger, feeling of irritability and disappointment.

  4. Guilt-worthlessness thoughts:As the person may blame himself for the events experienced, it is also common for the person to feel worthless.

  5. Sleeping disorders:In this case, situations such as not being able to sleep, waking up frequently, waking up early in the morning or increasing sleepiness may occur.

  6. Appetite problems: The person may lose weight. In the last month, 5% of the average weight without dieting, at least 6-7 kg. can be given. Some depressed people may also gain weight.

  7. Concentration difficulty: In case of depression, the person is distracted and has difficulty concentrating. They may experience problems while doing things that they could easily do before.

  8. Tiredness:Even if the person does not move much, he may feel tired and low on energy.

  9. Life-threatening thoughts:The person may have thoughts about death or ending his life.

If you have had at least 5 of the above symptoms in the past 15 days, you should contact a mental health professional.

How Is Depression Treated?

Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Between 80% and 90% of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment. Almost all patients get some relief from their symptoms.

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy or “talk therapy” is sometimes used alone to treat mild depression; For moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy is often used in conjunction with antidepressant medications. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been found to be effective in treating depression. CBT is a form of therapy that focuses on problem solving today. CBT helps a person recognize distorted/negative thinking with the aim of changing thoughts and behaviors to respond to challenges in a more positive way.

Depending on the severity of the depression, treatment may take several weeks or longer. In most cases, significant improvement can be achieved in 10 to 15 sessions.

Self Help and Coping

There are many things people can do to help reduce symptoms of depression. For many people, regular exercise helps create a positive emotion and improves mood. Regularly getting enough quality sleep, eating a healthy diet, and avoiding alcohol can also help reduce symptoms of depression.

Depression is a real illness and help is available. With the right diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it. Talk about your concerns and request a comprehensive assessment. This is a start for addressing your mental health needs.

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