Dependence

Addiction is a chronic disease. Genetic, environmental and psychological factors play an important role in addiction. Factors such as being young, having a concurrent psychiatric disorder, and having a family history can be risk factors for addiction. Anyone can be addicted, but some personal characteristics can pose a risk. These; impulsiveness and novelty seeking. Individuals with a low capacity to procrastinate and wait for gratification can develop addiction quickly.

The control center of the brain, the Frontal Cortex, plays an active role in the control and decision-making processes of our behavior. For this reason, this brain structure, which is underdeveloped and has not completed its development in adolescents, cannot fully realize its control mechanism. This structure takes its final form of development until the age of 25, it is the last part of the brain to develop. For this reason, adolescents are more active in decision-making processes with their emotional brains, which we call the amygdala. And this structure plays an important role in addiction as a result of the processing of emotional memories and the connections it establishes with the reward mechanism.

Once you develop an addiction, your brain functions start to work differently. Substances can reach the brain indirectly or directly. They cause shrinkage in the brain structure. It is harmful to cognitive processes such as memory, memory, control and attention. For this reason, addiction requires lifelong treatment. The important thing is not to stay sober, it is necessary to stay away from the old environment and friends that will cause craving, and to rearrange the living conditions. Access to alcohol or drugs should be made more difficult. The person should know the signs of craving well and be knowledgeable about the risks. Social support is always an important factor, and a person’s motivation to quit is also important. Addiction can be prevented or controlled with drugs and psychotherapies.

Other behavioral addictions start with similar structures and show progression. Addictions such as shopping, games, relationships, gambling are also a brain disease. These ailments also need to be treated. You can get psychotherapy from experts for support on these issues.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *