Dental Implants

Dental implants used today are pure and especially biocompatible, placed in the jawbone. (accepted by the body) titanium screws. The dentist can attach crowns, bridges or removable dentures on these artificial roots. In about 3 to 6 months, the bone will widely grasp the implant surfaces and hold them firmly in the jaw.

IN WHICH SITUATIONS IS IMPLANT REQUIRED?
Your dentist will first:

  • Density and volume of the jawbone,
  • Number of natural teeth,
  • location and frequency,
  • the condition of the gums,
  • Number and condition of teeth in the opposing jaw

checks.

Necessary conditions for implantation:

In the past, bone volume was one of the most important criteria for making the implant decision. Today, the dentist can surgically transform the bone into a shape suitable for implantation. However, some diseases may create an unfavorable situation for the implant. For example:
Blood coagulation disorders.

metabolic diseases (eg: uncontrolled diabetes, i.e. diabetes)
Various diseases that cause changes in the mucosa and jaw bones.
Diseases that require heavy drug treatment for many years, such as Cortisone or Chemotherapy.
Age is essentially not very important. However, care should be taken that the patient has completed his/her growth without considering the implant procedure. Completion of growth takes an average of 18 years for girls and 20 to 22 years for boys. It is determined radiologically whether the growth is complete or not.
Patients need to be very sensitive about oral hygiene.
Smoking is not recommended as it will endanger healing.

Some details
Oral implantation is the process of placing artificial tooth roots in or on the jawbone.
Implants act as prosthetics or bridge legs. Thus, the teeth become functional and aesthetic looking again.

New generation implants are made of tissue-friendly materials; They are easily tolerated by the jawbone and fuse with the bone. Since each case is different, a period of time cannot be guaranteed, but implants can remain in your jawbone for a lifetime.
Implants have been at the dentist’s service for over 30 years.

During these 30 years, great changes and variations have occurred in implantology and in implant types and shapes. The chaos of the first 15-20 years of implantology has left its place to certain rules that are accepted by everyone, especially in the last 10 years.

Now the inventor of implants, Prof. All leading implantologists, including Dr.Brånemark, (because it is very similar to the shape of the tooth root)They consider implants made of titanium metal to be ideal.
Intraoral implants can be thought of as artificial tooth roots placed in the jaw bones.

I would like to repeat:
Implants are made of tissue-friendly materials, so they can be easily accepted by the bone.
Implants can stay in the jawbone for more than 10 years or even a lifetime. However, it is not possible to give a guarantee for every case. Knowing that the success rate is around 95% will help you understand how successful the treatment is.

1. Planning phase
If the result of the first examination reveals that the implant is a valid solution for you and an implant application is possible for you, the planning of the other stages can be started and the implant type and working method suitable for you can be selected with the examination of your dentist. For this, x-ray examinations, models (obtained by measurements taken) , sometimes tests and medical consultations are required. Your effort as a patient will affect the success of your implant. It is essential to maintain excellent hygiene in your mouth, especially around the implants in your mouth. I will give you detailed information about it.

2. Application
In general, implantation is a procedure that can be easily performed in the practice environment with local anesthesia. As with any intraoral surgery, swelling or blood collection may occur on the cheeks and lips as a result of this operation. Pain is less and less common.
The operation has no special difficulties. After careful and meticulous work, it is no different from any intraoral surgery.
From time to time, during the operation, although previous examinations seem positive, implantation may be abandoned in line with the findings during the operation.
Although not clear in planning, it may not always be a very favorable situation for implantation and additional measures may be required. (e.g. bone transplantation, guided bone regeneration with membrane application etc.)

3. Recovery time
For implants that cannot be loaded immediately, which we generally prefer, healing usually takes 6-12 (lower jaw) to 12-24 (upper jaw) weeks. During this time, the implants should be protected against chewing pressure so that healing is not compromised. Recently, in some special cases, thanks to the special technologies developed by implant companies, immediate loading, that is, the attachment of the prosthetic superstructure, is possible.

4. Complications
No treatment is risk-free. While the possibility of an infection is always present, a serious condition almost never occurs.
In the upper jaw, the maxillary sinus and nasal floor can be opened during implantation. However, there is no rule that this will cause a failure.
Receiving the lower lip sensation in the lower jaw (but unrelated to movement) In rare cases, nerve damage can occur. Loss of sensation in the lower lip in this type of nerve injury is usually temporary, but rarely, it can be permanent. In such a case, a decision should be made whether to leave the implant in place. Sometimes, as a result of the failure of the implant to integrate with the bone, the implant loosens and falls or has to be removed by the physician. By evaluating each case individually, it is decided whether a re-implantation can be considered in the patient.

5. Maintenance
Insufficient maintenance (poor oral hygiene) usually causes an infection around the implant. This can considerably shorten the life of an implant. For this reason, the patient should be sensitive to the care of the implant and mouth and should come to the dentist at least once every 6 months.
This article gives you general information. However, each case may have its own characteristics.

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