delayed speech in children

DELAYED TALK

What is Delayed Speech?

Delayed speech is the age of the child to start speaking is not at the expected level compared to his/her peers, it contains deficiencies, the speech development is slow and the child is behind his/her peers.

What are the Causes of Delayed Speech?

Genetic factors, structural disorders in the child’s body and environmental factors are shown as the cause of delayed speech. One or more of these factors may play an active role in the child’s delayed speech. If we list the reasons for delayed speech;

  • Problems in the brain or nervous system before or during birth,
  • Genes passed on to the child from the mother and father,
  • Defects in the structure of the mouth, palate and lips,
  • The child is in an unhealthy communication environment,
  • Excessive use of television
  • Silent family structure and brotherless house,
  • Oral motor problems caused by damage or deformation in the articulatory organs and structures used in the production of speech,
  • vision loss or hearing loss,
  • Damage to parts of the brain related to language and speech,
  • Conduction disorders caused by brain waves,
  • Respiratory disorders and incorrect breathing control,
  • The family does not spare enough time and attention to the child,
  • Directing, limiting and oppressive family structure,
  • Psycho-social deprivation,
  • Low education and economic living standards,
  • It can be listed as the use of high-level technological tools.

By the age of 2, the child is eager to talk. This is a very important period for the child. He tries to say words and begins to perceive the differences between his parents and the words he says. Looking at the lips of the parents, he makes an effort to gradually correct the wrong words that he said wrong. At this point, the duty of the parents; It should be to teach the child the correct pronunciation of the words that the child says incorrectly.

What is the Role of Mom and Dad?

As a parent, the first thing you should do is to get help from the relevant doctors to find out if your child’s delayed speech is due to biological, physiological or structural reasons. If there is a delayed speech that is not due to any biological, physiological or structural reason, following the steps below will help your child’s language development.

  1. Children want to feel loved. Make it your priority to make your child feel loved. Making your child feel loved, that he is an important member of the family and that he is accepted will positively affect the development of your child’s self-esteem.
  2. Children learn a lot from each other. Encourage your child to participate in activities that siblings or friends do.
  3. Spend time with your child and be a good listener. In this way, your child will take you as an example and will be a good listener himself. Never forget that you are your child’s role model.
  4. Reward your child’s efforts to speak. Give the prize when you make the desired sound or word.
  5. Do not speak for your child, and do not let others speak for your child. Do not disable and pacify your child at an age where he or she needs to be active to be able to speak.
  6. Try to keep your child away from television and technological devices as much as possible.
  7. And most importantly, do not hesitate to seek help from an expert.

Expert Clinical Psychologist Engin Deniz

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