Defense Mechanisms

EVERYTHING YOU THROW INTO, EVERYTHING YOU Ignore will hurt you sooner or later…

When a person is restless, he neither wants to feel nor reflect this restlessness. That’s why he prefers not to feel these emotions unconsciously. It uses defense mechanisms.

Just like when there is a microbe in our body, our cells go on the defensive. It takes more effort than usual to destroy this microbe, and our consciousness can react in the same way to protect itself.

The thing is that while using defense mechanisms is good for the person in a short time, it causes serious injuries, problems and even psychopathology in the long term. We talk about a number of defense mechanisms in psychology.

The most common of these;


– Pretending that the things that hurt us don’t hurt. It’s kind of like sweeping it under the rug.

-The mind pushes these events out of consciousness and the person does not get hurt at that moment. But this mechanism is instantaneous. With the accumulation of years, a person may find himself crying in a meaningless place, in a meaningless period of time. Or he may be faced with some psychopathologies (anxiety disorder, depression, OCD).

Counter response development:

-We can describe it as feeling the opposite of the feeling it has. We can exemplify such as hating the person we are in love with. Or, the mechanism of transforming the anger felt towards a hurting parent into excessive love can be called counter-reaction development.


-The person’s transferring his own faults or negative aspects to the other party or blaming others by not accepting his mistake is called projection. The most common example of reflection is when the student thinks that he/she does not study and gets bad grades due to the teacher’s attitude.


-Regression is very common in children, when the child goes through difficult times, he may show regression when he is not ready to handle some events emotionally. We can talk about regression if the child whose parents are in the process of divorce starts to get wet even though he has been toilet trained before.

Change of direction:

– Instead of transferring the necessary emotion to the person who needs it, it is to reflect that emotion to someone else.

The most common example of change of direction is to transfer our anger towards the boss at work to our spouse or child at home.


Trying to make up for our flaws in some way. For example, a person’s constant pursuit of success with the intention of making up for his faults, his pursuit of work, may be an indication that he is trying to cover his own deficiencies.

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