Pulmonary Embolism (Pulmonary Embolism) is a disease that occurs when a clot (thrombus) formed in the deep leg veins breaks off from where it formed and clogs the pulmonary artery. Pulmonary Embolism, which presents with sudden onset chest pain and shortness of breath, can cause sudden death by causing obstruction in the main body of the pulmonary artery, one or more of its branches, depending on the size of the piece or pieces that break off from the clot in the leg. It is called “embolism” and the situation can reach quite serious dimensions for patients.
What are the causes?
Pulmonary Embolism is a life-threatening disease because it affects the functioning of many organs, especially the lungs and heart. The source of the disease is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) in almost all cases. The blood clot formed in the deep veins of the leg breaks off from where it is and clogs the pulmonary artery and causes Pulmonary Embolism. Coagulation tendency, disorder in the inner wall of the vessel and problems in the vein flow are the conditions that increase the risk of developing DVT. Therefore, those who have these risk factors or have DVT are also at risk for Pulmonary Embolism. Apart from these, the fatty substance in the marrow of the broken bone, pregnancy, amniotic fluid and substance use at birth are rare conditions that can cause disease.
What are the symptoms?
Depending on the prevalence and severity of the developing Pulmonary Embolism, the symptoms may be of different severity. One or more of the complaints such as difficulty in breathing, stinging chest pain, cough, coughing up blood, palpitations, low blood pressure, sudden cardiac arrest may occur.