Smile, one of the most important nonverbal communication tools, affects the lives of individuals in many ways. Smile quality plays a big role in a person’s appearance, psychological health, behavior and character traits.
What is the Definition of Smile Design Treatment?
Smile design is basically making the distorted teeth and gums beautiful and aesthetic, taking into account the expectations and face shapes of the patients. With this treatment, the teeth, tissues around the teeth and the face are compatible with each other; It is aimed to create an aesthetic and healthy appearance.
In the treatment of smile design, the patient’s age, gender, facial features, current conditions of teeth and surrounding tissues are very important.
What are the Ideal Smile Criteria?
In an ideal smile, the teeth should be compatible with each other in size and shape and with the face shape. For example, long and angular teeth are preferred in people with a long face type, while shorter and rounded teeth should be preferred in people with a round face type.
Well-groomed, white and bright teeth give the person a more lively and youthful appearance.
The smile line should follow the lower lip harmoniously.
There should be no gaps between the teeth or overlapping each other.
Tooth deficiencies should not occur as they negatively affect functions such as biting, plucking and chewing.
What are the Stages of Smile Design Treatment?
In this treatment method, the needs and wishes of the patient are determined first. Models are prepared with the measurements taken from the mouth and problems are determined on these models. A more detailed analysis and planning is made with intraoral and facial photographs taken from the patient. The results of these analyzes and planning are presented to the patient and the treatment process is decided together and the procedures are started.
If the patient has complaints such as level disorders, redness and swelling in the gums, these problems are primarily resolved with minor surgical procedures such as professional scaling or gingivectomy.
Afterwards, the amount of caries and substance loss in the teeth, visual disturbances are evaluated:
Teeth with a small amount of caries and material loss,
Cases where there is not much space between teeth,
Visual disturbances that are not very noticeable and disturb the patient slightly AESTHETIC FILLING-BONDINGor PORCELAIN LAMINAtreated with the method.
In the aesthetic filling-bonding method, the tooth or teeth are restored with a composite filling material in a color compatible with other teeth after the caries is cleaned or the necessary minimal abrasions are made on the tooth. After the filling process is completed, the tooth does not grin in terms of color, texture and appearance; a natural look is achieved.
In the Porcelain Lamina method, a very small amount of abrasion is made from the tooth tissue and an impression is taken. In the laboratory environment, leaf laminae are produced in color, shape and size compatible with the patient’s other teeth.
But in some cases the problems are more:
Teeth with excessive caries and material loss,
Teeth with too many gaps between,
Since bonding application will not be sufficient in visual disorders that disturb the patient very much. PORCELAIN, ZIRCONIUM or EMAX COATINGtreatment is applied.
In this treatment method, the related teeth are carefully reduced to form a veneer, and a temporary tooth is attached to the mouth by taking the temporary measure in the same session, in order to prevent aesthetic loss within 1-2 hours. Depending on the healing status of the gums, impressions are taken for veneers on the same day or 7-10 days later. What material the coatings will be made of; It is determined together with the dentist according to the expectations of the patients and the condition of the teeth and the production is started. In the intermediate rehearsals, ideas are exchanged with the patient in front of the mirror, and if necessary, changes are made on the coatings. The veneers, all of which have been rehearsed and brought to the final stage, are temporarily glued for about a week in order for the patient to get used to it and to detect possible problems. At the end of a week, after both the patient and the physician confirm that there is no problem, the veneers are fixed in the mouth.
How is the material selection made in the coating treatment?
Material selection is made by considering criteria such as the position of the tooth, its current condition.
What is the Lifespan of Smile Design Treatment?
With these treatment methods, the teeth are made healthy and the patient is provided with an aesthetic smile. Fillings or veneers made with regular oral care, tooth brushing and flossing can be used for many years.