Curious About Menstrual Period

What causes menstrual pain? Is it okay to have sexual intercourse during menstruation? Is it healthy to use tampons during menstruation? Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Özgür Cryed…

Contrary to what is thought, the menstrual period is not a simple mechanism in which dirty blood is removed from the body every month. Thinking that she will get pregnant every month, the woman’s body roughly creates a bed of blood to prepare the inside of the uterus for the baby to hold onto the uterus. After ovulation, if the egg meets the sperm and fertilization occurs, the baby clings to the bed from this blood and the pregnancy continues. If fertilization does not occur, the woman’s body realizes that she cannot conceive, and this blood bed is disrupted and thrown away. Menstrual bleeding is the shedding of this blood bed.

Women usually have a period between 21-35 days. The menstrual period should end after a certain period of time and a certain amount of bleeding. It is considered ‘excess menstruation’ if it lasts for more than 1 week or if more than 4-5 pads are used per day. If your menstrual period is not within these limits, it should be evaluated as pathological and the underlying cause should be investigated.

IS IT HARMFUL TO USE BUMPERS DURING REGL?

Pads or tampons can be used during the menstrual period. A tampon is an apparatus inserted into the vagina. It prevents blood from coming out. Since it is placed inside the vagina, the blood that can not accumulate inside and be thrown out creates an ideal area for the proliferation of bacteria and other pathogens. It can lead to a condition called ‘toxic shock syndrome’, which can lead to death. Therefore, the tampon should be used very carefully, it should be changed frequently, especially on the days when the menstrual bleeding is most intense, and it should not be used by leaving it in the vagina for a long time. Since the tampon is used inside the vagina, women who have not had sexual intercourse before should not use tampons.

CAN I SHOWER DURING THE PERIOD?

There is no harm in taking a shower during menstruation. It is even a recommended approach in terms of hygiene. In addition, a warm shower has a muscle-relaxing and relaxing effect during the painful period. Taking a shower does not change the duration or amount of menstruation. The duration and amount of menstruation only changes with the medical treatments used.

MY CHESTS ache MUCH BEFORE AND DURING THE PERIOD OF REGL. WHY?

Breasts are hormone sensitive structures. Hormones fluctuate a lot during the menstrual period. Therefore, swelling, tenderness and pain can be seen in the breasts during menstrual periods when hormones show sudden increases and decreases. Usually, menstrual pain increases in the premenstrual period and decreases after menstruation. Although medicines, hot and cold water bags and herbal teas are thought to be good, a real relief improves when menstruation ends and hormonal values ​​​​return.

WILL MY PAIN PAIN REDUCE AFTER GIVEN BIRTH?

In fact, there are different theories and approaches on this subject. First, the cervix remains more open than before after normal delivery, that is, the cervix dilates after delivery. Since the blood thrown during the menstrual period empties more easily from the enlarged cervix, the contractions triggered by prostaglandins decrease, that is, the menstrual period is less painful. Another theory is that since endometriosis regresses during pregnancy, post-pregnancy menstruation is more painless because endometriosis is a disease that causes painful menstruation.

CAN I EXPERIENCE SEX DURING REGL?

Menstrual period is a period when women are much more sensitive and vulnerable to infections. Vaginal flora that changes with heavy bleeding is the most important cause of infection. If sexual intercourse is to be experienced during this period, it is recommended that the male partner use a condom. The probability of pregnancy in practice during the menstrual period is very low because fertilization has not occurred, the uterine wall structure has deteriorated, however, there is a very small possibility of getting pregnant theoretically, so it is necessary to be careful.

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