1.What are coronoviruses? Why is it important?
As long as humanity exists, there is a risk of viruses infecting. Conspiracy theories circulating that suggest the SARS-CoV-2 virus is a man-made virus. It has been proven that this is not true, that the genome sequence is natural and that it is a well-designed virus that cannot be made by human hands. Such conspiracy theories reduce the energy and discipline of fighting the disease. There have been many epidemics causing viral pandemics in history. The Spanish flu between 1918-1920 killed 50 million people.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans. The SAR-CoV-2 virus from this family causes the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID 19). The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) was first seen in a group of patients who developed respiratory symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath) in late December 2019 in Wuhan Province, China. It was first identified on January 13, 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the new coronavirus epidemic (COVID 19) on March 11, 2020 PANDEMIC has been defined as. A viral epidemic in humans Pandemic There should be roughly 3 criteria for it to be defined as: 1. it should be a new virus, 2. it should be transmitted easily and continuously from person to person, 3. it should affect a large number of countries. It has been defined as a PANDEMIC because it fits these definitions.
The first detected COVID-19 case in Turkey was announced by the Ministry of Health on March 11, 2020. This date was also the date declared as a pandemic by WHO.
As of March 1, 2021, there were 114 million COVID 19 patients and 2.53 million deaths worldwide. In our country: There were 2.69 million COVID 19 patients and 28.5 thousand deaths.
2. How does the COVID-19 infection progress?
The disease usually affects people aged 60 and over more. The disease is rare and mild in children. No deaths have been observed in children so far. However, it can be seen in all age groups and causes fatal results.
– 80% of cases have mild disease.
– 20% of cases are treated in hospital conditions.
– Mortality rate is 2%.
3. Who are the People Most Affected by the Disease?
– Healthcare workers: the highest risk group, PCR positivity has reached 30% in our country
– Those over 60 years old
– People with serious additional chronic medical conditions: Heart disease, Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Chronic Respiratory disease, Cancer, kidney disease
-People living in communal areas: schools, barracks, prisons, nursing homes
4. What should be done to prevent the spread of the disease?-Personal measures: mask, distance, hygiene
5. What is a vaccine and how does it work?
Viruses, bacteria, etc., which are capable of causing disease in humans and animals. biological products developed by eliminating the disease-causing properties of microbes, weakening them or eliminating the effects of toxins secreted by some microbes. vaccine is called. The vaccine is administered to healthy and at-risk individuals. In this way, the body recognizes microbes or toxins that do not harm itself and develops a defense against them. So when he encounters the real microbe later on; It fights with the previously developed defense system and the person does not get sick. This person is now immune to that disease. Vaccine in healthy person DOES NOT cause diseaseTherefore, our most important weapon in preventing disease is vaccination.
6.How many types of COVID 19 vaccines are there?
There are vaccines produced by 3 methods:
1.Inactivated vaccine : A weakened, attenuated version of the virus is put in the vaccine formula. This type of vaccine, which aims to develop immune defenses of the body, which encounters the weak state of the virus, is called “inactivated vaccine”.
2. mRNA vaccines: Vaccine formulas containing genetic building blocks such as RNA are being developed. These vaccines aim to activate some enzymes that help immunity with genetic components taken from the virus and to awaken immune responses at the cellular level.
3. Vector vaccines : Adding genetic components from virus strains to the target virus. Virus vectors aim to elicit an immune response in the body through virus components transferred to a weakened and non-replicating version of another virus.
Those who are vaccinated can carry the disease in the nasal mucosa. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to issues such as mask and distance. Otherwise, they will infect their relatives without getting sick.
7. What are the Post-COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects?
To date, serious side effects have not been encountered in the clinical studies and current vaccine applications for COVID-19 vaccines. Side effects after vaccination are often mild. These; These are mild side effects such as fatigue, headache, fever, chills, muscle/joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the injection area, redness and swelling. However, although rare, allergic reactions can occur.
What To Do When Faced With Side Effects:
• Pain/swelling/redness in the vaccination area: cold application and paracetamol tablets can be used.
• Fatigue: Rest and adequate fluid intake
• Mild fever, chills: Rest, adequate fluid intake, paracetamol tablet
• Headache, muscle-joint pains: paracetamol
• Vomiting, diarrhea: If abundant fluid supplementation is required, serum can be given.
8. Where is the Covid 19 vaccine made?
It is carried out by Covid-19 vaccine application units established in Family Health Centers, public and university hospitals and private hospitals. Every citizen who has been vaccinated is kept waiting for at least 30 minutes after the vaccination to observe possible side effects.
2. Vaccination: given 30 days after the first vaccination.
9. What is the COVID-19 Vaccine National Implementation Strategy?
The Ministry of Health divided our citizens, who will be vaccinated, into groups according to the order of priority and made a vaccination plan in 4 stages.
During vaccination, vaccination is done in order according to the following order.
B.The elderly, those staying in shelters and their employees
CIndividuals over the age of .65 (respectively starting from the age of 90 and decreasing by 5 years each)
A.Priority sectors (MSB, ministry of interior, personnel in critical missions, police-private security, ministry of justice, prisons, teachers and lecturers, food sector workers, transportation sector workers) in order to maintain the service.
B . Citizens between the ages of 50-64
AThose with chronic disease (A1:40-49 years, A2:30-39 years, A3:18-29 years)
B.Other groups (B1:40-49 years old, B2:30-39 years old, B3:18-29 years old)
Those who do not have vaccinations when it is their turn
10. Who is not vaccinated against Covid 19?
* Vaccination is not recommended if there is a history of allergy/anaphylaxis to any substance contained in the vaccine.
*It is recommended to postpone the administration of the vaccine for a while (up to 15 days) during attacks of high fever (38ºC and above), unexplained diseases and chronic diseases.
* Vaccination can be given at least 2 weeks after getting the flu and/or pneumonia vaccine
* In people who have previously had COVID-19 and have a positive PCR test in the system; The vaccine can be administered 6 months after the disease. Healthcare workers are exempted from this rule because they are in the high risk group.
* Data on administration of inactivated COVID-19 vaccine during breastfeeding are not available. Breastfeeding women at high risk of contracting COVID-19 can be vaccinated at their own request.
* Since people under the age of 18 are not in the priority risk group determined by the Ministry of Health’s Coronavirus Scientific Committee, COVID-19 vaccine is currently not administered to children.
* If contact persons are in the priority risk groups after completing the quarantine process, they can be vaccinated.
*In Turkey, vaccination is not compulsory, including childhood vaccinations. Getting vaccinated is one’s responsibility to society.