The baby in the womb is fed from the mother through the umbilical cord. The placenta-mate at the end of the umbilical cord is attached to the mother’s uterus and provides the exchange of nutrients and oxygen between the baby and the mother. If the cord blood taken is; It is the blood that remains in the cord and placenta after the baby is born. This blood is very rich in stem cells.
Stem cells can turn into any type of cell.
Stem cells are special cells that can turn into any type of cell in the human body. They are capable of transforming into the cells of every organ in the body and repairing that organ. They are mostly found in the fetal period and cord blood in the womb. It is possible to freeze and store these cells after birth. Regardless of the mode of delivery, after the baby is born, the umbilical cord is cut and the blood in the back cord and placenta is taken into a specially designed bag. This method; It does not affect the birth process, it is painless. As the amount of collected blood increases, the amount of stem cells taken increases.
If we summarize the reasons for freezing and storing cord blood;
-Tissue damage that may develop in any organ of the baby in his later life can be treated by using his own stem cells taken in his infancy, without having to deal with the problem of finding a donor compatible with his own tissues. In this case, there will be no problem of incompatibility with the given tissue.
These stem cells can also be used in the treatment of diseases that may occur in the baby’s sibling or close relatives. If the mother, father or siblings fit the tissue group, which is much higher than getting it from a foreigner, they can use stem cells. When a bone marrow transplant is required in the future, stem cells can be used again without the risk of not finding the appropriate bone marrow.
Stem cells are a treatment option in the treatment of many diseases. These diseases are numerous and the most important ones are: acute myelocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myelocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, retinoblastoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, neuroblastoma, liposarcoma, anemia Fanconi anemia, myelofibrosis, amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, ß-thalassemia, sickle cell-sickle cell anemia, Hunter syndrome, Krabbe disease, Hurler Syndrome, Histiocytosis, diabetes, Tay-Sachs disease, osteopetrosis, Reticular dysgenesis, thymic dysplasia, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome Omenn’s syndrome, any immunodeficiencies, Batten’s disease.