What is conduct disorder?
Conduct disorder is a persistent and repetitive violation of the rights of others by violating the social and moral rules expected of one’s age. These people show signs of behavioral disorders such as physical aggression, damage to property, lying and stealing, and serious violations of rules. Conduct disorder is a very common childhood disease and can be devastating for the family and the child if left untreated. It is more common in boys.
What causes conduct disorder?
Many factors are effective in the emergence of conduct disorder. The most important of these are genetic and environmental factors. The presence of people with conduct disorder in the family increases the likelihood of the child having conduct disorder. Low socioeconomic status of the family, growing up in broken families, and individuals with alcohol and substance addiction in the family may also cause conduct disorder in the child. The attitude of the family is also important while raising the child. Raising a child with excessive punishment or raising a child without any limits can also cause this disease. Conduct disorder often coexists with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
How is conduct disorder diagnosed?
The most important symptoms of conduct disorder are:
Aggression towards people and animals
Don’t break things
Do not commit fraud or theft
Major breaking the rules
If these symptoms begin before the age of 10, it is called the childhood-onset type. It has been observed that the type that starts in childhood is more permanent. Conduct disorder is a chronic disorder. Beginning from a young age, behaviors such as excessive damage to living things and living things, playing with matches and lighters, dealing with dangerous tools such as knives, swearing, bullying, lying and stealing are seen at older ages. The diagnosis of conduct disorder is made by a specialist. The specialist receives information from the environment along with the clinical interview with the child. Parents, teachers, peers are places where information can be obtained.
Conduct disorder treatment
Conduct disorder is a disorder that causes serious losses for the child and society if left untreated. Therefore, it should be well recognized and treated as early as possible. In untreated cases, the rates of substance use disorder, alcohol, cigarette addiction and involvement in crime in the future are much higher than in normal individuals.
In the treatment of conduct disorder, medicine and holistic approaches that address the mother, father and child are applied. Parent education especially teaches parents to deal with the child’s problematic behaviors. In this way, parents can understand and change their wrong attitudes. Studies have shown that even the improvement in the attitudes of the parents has a positive effect on the child.
There may be other accompanying psychiatric disorders in conduct disorder. It is also important to identify them in treatment. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the most common comorbidity with conduct disorder. When seen together, treatment of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder also reduces the symptoms of conduct disorder.
My child has symptoms of conduct disorder, what should I do?
Are these symptoms temporary or do they last for a long time?
Does my child have elders or friends around whom this behavior is an example?
Does the environment we live in and our family structure support or tolerate these behaviors?
Is my child exposed to negative content on TV or the Internet?
Do we have a warm family communication with our child?
By asking these questions, you can find answers to the causes and start the change from there. However, conduct disorder causes much more serious mental disorders in the future. That’s why if you think your child has a conduct disorder, you should seek help from a specialist before it’s too late.