Concentration Disorder in Students

Derived from the Latin “contracto”, the French “concentré” means concentration, gathering, concentration and gathering. As a term; Concentration of attention on an object or a particular aspect of a subject means “a common center” or “moving towards this center”. On the other hand, in the Turkish Language Association, concentrate is used to mean “intense”, and to concentrate or concentrate means “to gather thought and power at one point” and “to know”.

Individuals of all ages (children, teenagers, and adults) struggle from time to time with inattention and distraction, especially in the face of difficulties such as fatigue, pain and more interesting distractions, boredom, reluctance. About 20% of children and adolescents have at least moderate difficulties with distraction, while 4-5% of them have severe difficulties with attention and distraction. Those with a mental illness may be diagnosed with a mental illness.

Problems with distraction lead to forgetfulness, slowness to complete tasks and an inability to finish, difficulties with organization, difficulties maintaining focus in conversations, forgetting instructions, difficulties concentrating on school/homework tasks, and a variety of other problems.

In people with concentration disorders;

  • Difficulty with reading comprehension

  • inability to gather thoughts

  • Failure to follow directions

  • state of being immersed frequently

  • inability to stay seated

  • Frequent loss and inability to locate items

  • Your mind is always elsewhere

  • Inability to finish or start work

  • Always thinking of other things while fulfilling your responsibility

  • inability to manage time

  • taking long breaks

  • Interrupting or interfering with others

  • Don’t get bored quickly with your job

  • Forgetfulness

  • Change jobs frequently

  • Procrastinating the things that need to be done

  • Difficulty paying attention to details

  • Failure to succeed in tasks that require concentration

  • Difficulty listening to others

  • Inability to remember conversations

  • academic failure

  • Don’t interrupt others

  • Don’t spend too much money

  • Changing plans

  • Constantly feeling insecure and restless

Problems experienced due to distraction can cause serious difficulties for students. Some research suggests that inattention in particular (above and beyond other difficulties such as hyperactivity) can lead to learning disabilities, anxiety, challenging behaviors, and social problems.

If you think your child is having difficulties with distraction and distraction, it is a good idea to consult a professional to understand the extent of these problems and see if there is a real problem in this area.

Causes of Concentration Impairment

Distraction difficulties are likely to have some sort of biological basis. For example, some studies suggest that up to 85% of ADHD may be linked to genetic causes.

However, there are some problems, non-biological and environmental factors that cause distraction in young people. For example, diet (eg sugar and energy drink intake), sleep, general health, mental problems, anxiety disorders, parental behavior and general psychological well-being, etc. It shows that factors generally affect inattention and distraction and its severity in children and young people.

In recent years, it has been seen in research that there is the use of technology as a potential environmental effect on distraction.

If the causes of Concentration Disorder are not noticed and intervened, it will cause the disorder to increase and make the person’s life more difficult.

Psychological Causes:

Depression

disorder in social relationships

anxiety disorders

obsessive behaviors

aggression

Stress

Physical Causes:

Malnutrition

Past illnesses

side effects of some drugs

Vitamin and mineral deficiency

hypertension and diabetes

chronic diseases

Sleeping disorder

not drinking enough water

Environmental Causes:

Polluted air

Smoking or being exposed to smoke

Lack of social contact

Frequent alcohol use

Negatives in the outside world

Do not hesitate to seek therapeutic support when necessary to cope with Concentration Disorder.

How to help young people struggling with inattention and distraction?

  • Explain attention and concentration

It may be helpful to explain why it is important to young people about the concept of attention, why it is important and why they should consider working on this skill.
Of course, this should be done in a way that doesn’t make them feel bad. .

“To pay attention or to concentrate means to fix our eyes, ears and thoughts on something. It also means “not now” to ourselves to get our brain to look, listen, or think about something else. our attention Being able to pay attention or concentrate on something without distraction is not something we should always do. But it’s important that we can at least sometimes. Some people may have more difficulty with attention/concentration than others. It’s not their fault, it’s because their brains are like that. But the good news is that because the brain is a bit like a muscle, we can gradually get better at learning to focus, concentrate and pay attention if we practice. ”

  • Teach strategies to minimize distractions

You can teach them how to increase their concentration and attention skills. The first important step; to help them minimize distractions. We should help them minimize both external distractions (what they can hear and see) and internal distractions (mind wanderings, other ideas/thoughts/feelings/sensations).

As a parent, it may be helpful to sit with a child/teenager for a while to observe what they are distracted by and in what situations their concentration is impaired.

  • Teaching him to recognize distractions and refocus

You can teach strategies to quickly refocus attention. Minimizing distractions is an important step, but removing them altogether is often impossible or not feasible. So another important step is to help kids and teens recognize when they’re distracted and “refocus” on what they’re doing as soon as possible.

Here are some strategies that may be helpful for noticing distraction or for quick “refocusing” attention:

– Have young people set goals for how long the tasks will take and check the time (like setting an alarm) to see their progress.
– It may be helpful to use warning alarms or sounds to remind you to refocus. Some teens can use alarms every 10 minutes during intense homework to help them remember to refocus if needed.

– Ask students to “say out loud” what they are trying to write before writing. It can be effective because “saying” to working memory often requires less mental effort than “writing”.
– Teach students to break down tasks into simpler and smaller tasks.

  • Encouraging youth to surpass their concentration and working memory

Try to gradually increase the amount of time they concentrate and focus.
This boost can lead to more distractions, but help them not to become discouraged.

Trying to improve our attention and concentration skills, trying to improve our ability to run long distances like this. fit enough If we try to run a marathon before it happens, we will tire ourselves and fail. If we do not push ourselves by trying to run a little more when we train frequently, it is not possible for us to improve. To run a marathon; gradually but as time goes on we must increase our running time continuously.

Have kids/teens take a break from their intense focus for shorter periods of time.
You can help young people plan the amount of time they will work without a break and plan how long their breaks will last, as well as how they will rest.

  • Helping them take care of their health

Various studies reveal that making positive changes in the diet, sleep and exercise levels of children and teens results in improvements in attention and concentration skills.

  • Do body and mind exercises

Physical activities such as sports and walking increase concentration. At the same time, it contributes to increasing concentration by doing mental exercises with activities such as puzzles, sudoku and intelligence games.

  • Except those;

Using white noise or using headphones (minimizing auditory distractions)

Posting distracting ideas and thoughts by writing them down, not ignoring them

Closing your eyes when trying to think well about a problem (minimizing visual distractions – one study found it significantly helped kids solve math problems.)

Closing doors while studying (minimizing visual/auditory distractions)

Turning off or removing technology (phone off, closing open tabs)

Deleting apps/programs (from certain devices or completely) to limit their use

Write a plan for when they can do other attractive activities

Turning off music or using nonverbal music (minimizing auditory distractions)

Removing clutter, toys, games, trash from the environment to minimize visual distractions (minimizing visual distractions)

Prepare a task list for children. In this way, you will ensure that more than one job is not done.

When we can focus well enough and for a long time, we can do almost anything better!

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