Comparison of the anxiety and depression levels of mothers of children with mental and physical disabilities and mothers of children without disabilities

The depression levels of 100 mothers living in the Küçükçekmece district of Istanbul, who have children between the ages of 6-10, who received support from the rehabilitation center because their children had physical and mental abilities deficiency, and 75 mothers whose children had no disability were determined by Beck and Zung depression scales; Anxiety levels were measured with the Beck anxiety scale. It was aimed to compare whether there is a difference between the depression and anxiety levels of mothers with and without disability in their children. In this study, descriptive method was used to determine the existing situation. The analysis of the obtained data was made with the SPSS 23 program. Independent samples t-test and Pearson correlation test were used to determine whether there was a difference in the depression and anxiety levels of mothers with disabilities and the depression and anxiety levels of mothers without disabilities. In this study, while significant differences were found between the depression score averages of mothers with children with disability and those whose children did not have disability, there was no significant difference between the mean scores of anxiety. While there was a high and significant positive correlation between Beck and Zung depression scores of the mothers participating in the study, it was observed that there was a weak positive correlation between depression scores and anxiety scores.

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