Common Sexually Transmitted Disease Syphilis

Syphilis is a chronic disease that is usually transmitted sexually and can affect the skin and many internal organs. It is characterized by a special lesion called chancre that occurs at the entrance of the agent after an incubation period of approximately 25-30 days (which can vary between 10-90 days) and the enlargement of the lymph nodes that occur afterwards. Although chancre is in the genital area in most patients, it can also occur in other areas of the body. It is hard ground and heals without leaving a trace. It can be skipped because it is painless. Soft chancre causing wounds in this area should be differentiated from diseases such as Behçet’s disease and herpes infection.

After the chancre heals, the septicemia period begins, in which the disease spreads to the blood, which is the most contagious period. The agent spreads to both the skin and internal organs during this period. Symptoms such as fever, sore throat, weakness are accompanied by skin rashes. Copper-red rashes occur and these lesions are highly contagious. In this period, the disease can be confused with many diseases, which is why the name of syphilis in medical books is “a great imitator”. The syphilis lesion observed in the genital area is condyloma lata, and these lesions are highly contagious. In this second period, moth-eating areas of hair loss can be seen in patients.

Even if the skin lesions of the disease are not treated, they heal within 2 weeks without leaving a trace, meanwhile, the patient enters the period of positivity in tests without clinical symptoms, which we call latent syphilis.

It develops in approximately one third of untreated patients. It may occur 5-20 years after the onset of the disease. Neurological involvement of the bone tissue, cardiovascular system is observed at this stage.

Syphilis can also be transmitted from mother to baby as a congenital disease.

Syphilis is an important public health problem in all countries of the world. With the development of economic, cultural and touristic foreign relations, the incidence of syphilis is increasing.

Showing the lesions in the genital area to a dermatologist without delay will greatly reduce the possibility of the disease becoming chronic and spreading.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *