Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder

What is Social Phobia?

Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) is defined as the fear that a person will do something embarrassing, be subjected to intense scrutiny by others, be humiliated or humiliated. As a result, the individual avoids these social environments and when he enters such an environment, intense anxiety and fear responsesshows.

How Does Social Phobia Affect One’s Daily Life?

Individuals with social phobia perceive social environments as a threat as a result of their past experiences and experiences. Although he wants to make a good impression in these environments will be disgraced or humiliated He has a negative prejudice about The individual who directs his attention completely to himself and such thoughts makes negative assumptions about himself. As a result, the individual begins to exhibit “safety behaviors”.

Individuals with social phobia may wear glasses and wear clothes that hide their faces, as if they have committed a crime and are about to be caught, memorize what they have to say before saying something, or prefer to sit in the dark corner of the room. person like this safety behaviorsHe avoids attracting the attention of other people with his behavior, but on the contrary, these behaviors may cause the person to draw more attention in the environment.

The negative criticism of the individual, whose anxiety level increases with safety behaviors, increases. At the same time, the individual who has a negative increase in physical and mental symptoms causes a real decrease in the level of performance as a result. This situation causes the person to avoid social environments more and to experience more intense anxiety when entering these environments.

Social Anxiety Disorder Treatment Steps

Therapeutic Alliance, Assessment, Psychoeducation

Cognitive Restructuring

Social Skills Training

Confronting Social Anxiety Situations

Relapse (Recurrence) Prevention

People with social phobia may experience anxiety when communicating with someone they have just met. For this reason, during the treatment, it is aimed primarily for the individual to feel comfortable and to express the problems they experience correctly.

Later on cognitive restructuring and cognitive distortions and negative automatic thoughts of the client. As stated above, when individuals with social anxiety experience intense anxiety, they experience events in themselves and their environment. negative interpretation tends to. Therapists use the exposure method to reveal negative cognitions. The client is asked to visualize the situations that arouse anxiety and then to tell the therapist. In this way, the therapist finds the opportunity to intervene in the negative thoughts of the client. At this stage, the therapist and the client take firm steps forward by acting together.

social skills training Adana is one of the important steps of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of social phobia. At this stage, first of all, it is determined which skills the client lacks in social situations and then focus on them. These skills are generally; It includes making eye contact and effective body language, directing attention to what the other person is saying, initiating and maintaining a conversation, expressing an opinion, making a request or making a criticism. In this way, individuals learn to express their feelings more easily. social skillsthey are earning.

Adana social anxiety disorder treatment center confronting social anxiety situations At this stage, the individual is ready to face situations that he or she avoids. At this stage, behavioral experiments and role-plays are used. The person continues to face until the level of anxiety decreases. At this stage breathing exercises and relaxation techniques is utilized. In addition, clients may be asked to take a video of themselves during the confrontation. Thus, by enabling the individual to see himself from the outside, he changes his unrealistic negative evaluation of himself and reducing anxietycan be provided.

Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder

Group cognitive behavioral therapy is frequently used in the treatment of social anxiety disorder. Individuals experiencing anxiety in the social environment are offered a more effective and natural confrontation opportunity by intervening in the group environment. By finding the opportunity to consolidate what he has learned, the person progresses faster. In addition, it is thought that group interventions will provide social and psychological support to individuals who tend to isolate themselves from such environments.

Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder Treatment

With the development of technology, internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy applications have started to become widespread in the intervention of social anxiety disorder. While the studies on this subject prove the effectiveness of online therapy in the treatment of social anxiety, it receives positive criticism in terms of reaching more patients and its long-term effect.

How long does the treatment take?

The duration and frequency of cognitive behavioral therapy in a social anxiety disorder treatment center varies according to various factors. The motivation of the person towards treatment and the severity of the disease are among these factors. When needed, different therapy methods and techniques can be used during treatment.

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