As the name suggests, it looks at both the cognitive aspect of the job and its behavior. When it is called cognitive, what is meant by human cognition is human thoughts and beliefs. When we say behavior, we call the observable actions of a person reflected outside, behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on these two. Cognitive behavioral therapy If there is a problem in our thoughts or our way of interpreting events, if there is a side that does not reflect reality, some mental problems begin or negative feelings arise with the event and situation. Cognitive behavioral therapy does not cause the event itself, but the way we interpret the event causes some problems for us. For example; You are walking on the street and you are alone, you have a very pleasant walk. A man you don’t know is coming from the opposite side and he cursed you while you were passing by. What do you do? Does everyone in the same situation have the same reaction? There may be someone who is afraid of the same situation, may be someone who is sad or someone who is ashamed. It’s the same thing, but everyone can experience different emotions. They may behave differently towards these feelings. The way we interpret the event, not the event itself, causes some reactions in us, if there is a problem in our way of interpreting the event or if there is a distortion or mistake, we experience a disproportionately negative emotion with the event and our probability of making a problematic behavior increases.
Which Diseases Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Used To Treat?
Cognitive behavioral therapy can be applied to overcome many psychological problems. The birth of cognitive behavioral therapy lies in the therapies especially with patients with depression and phobias. Apart from these, it has also been used successfully in the treatment of the psychological diseases listed below.
o Anxiety disorders
o Specific phobias (elevator phobia, indoor phobia, airplane phobia, height phobia, swallowing phobia, etc.)
o Obsessive compulsive disorders
o Bipolar disorder
o Substance addictions
o eating disorders
o Post traumatic stress disorder