Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

“If we can correct one’s false beliefs about oneself, we can reduce the excessive consequences of those beliefs.”

Aaron Beck


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy It is a form of therapy that emphasizes that thoughts are the root of how we feel or what kind of behavior pattern we can develop in coping with the problems we face in daily life. The theory focuses on the ‘here and now’ principle.

Dr. Beck has noticed that when listening to his patients, they occasionally report two streams of thought. These; quick association sentences and self-evaluation thoughts. For example; one woman made detailed statements about sexual matters and later said she felt anxious. Subsequently, his Dr. She said she was worried she would bore Beck.

In the light of the information he obtained from the questions he asked his other patients, Dr. Beck interpreted this situation as follows. He noticed that patients used the phrase “automatic negative thoughts” and that these thoughts closely affected their emotions.

Based on these unrealistic thoughts, he developed this form of psychotherapy at the beginning of 1960, which aims to solve current problems, especially for depression, and to change dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors.


In 1977, Dr. Beck began to use this treatment method together with the University of Pennsylvania psychiatrists. This study led them to agree on the effectiveness of cognitive therapy. In a study on a controlled group of depressed patients, it was demonstrated that the therapy was as effective as imipramine, a common antidepressant.


Thought contents of the clients automatic thoughts, intermediate beliefs, and core beliefsor mismatched ‘schemas’It is evaluated at three levels, including (Newman, 2012). automatic thoughts it typically arises spontaneously, is often brief and variable, takes the form of an idea or image, and is accepted as true without reflection or evaluation (Beck, 1963). Intermediate beliefs are at a deeper level of thought content, usually in the form of conditional assumptions/beliefs/rules about the cognitive triad (Newman, 2012). core beliefsBeliefs about ourselves, other people, and the world that are formed based on the experiences we had while growing up in childhood.

CBT helps clients identify their dysfunctional beliefs and replace them with more functional and positive thoughts (Dobson, 2010).

The therapist with the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) school makes cognitive interventions in the client’s thinking and belief system to create emotional and behavioral changes in the client. While some automatic thoughts are true, many have only a small part of the truth. Errors in thinking;

Emotional Reasoning: Some things you think have to be true. Because you feel that your thought is too strong, you ignore the truth. Example: I know I did many things right at work, but I still feel like a failure.

“Catastrophizing: Thinking the worst without seeing other possible consequences is expecting disastrous results. “A nut from a tree falls on his head, he thinks it’s raining stones from the sky.” Example: my boss yelled at me, he is considering firing me, I can’t do anything properly.

“Mind Reading: The belief that we know other people’s thoughts and that others know what we are thinking. “I don’t need to tell him that, he knows” is a very common thought. It causes a lot of disappointment.

“Personalisation: Some people take it all on themselves. To make other people feel bad, even bad weather”. As a result, they feel either very angry or very guilty”.


CIS, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorder, anxiety, obsessions, social phobia, anger management, sleep disordersIt is a form of treatment used in mental health problems such as

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