Despite the psychotherapy processes, the clients who receive psychotherapy support have internal and external
Examining their motivations:
Psychotherapy; finding the basis of the person’s mental disorders, and the frequency and severity of the symptoms.
to eliminate situations that cause discomfort to the person by making attempts to reduce
It is a oriented process. The client/patient who decides to start the psychotherapy process
their functioning is impaired, coping techniques are insufficient during the process, their routines are
may be aware that it does not happen or that it is compelling.
The aim of reducing the situations with psychotherapy methods is to enter the psychotherapy process in the client/patient.
However, it can lead to hope, expectation effect and increase motivation.
Motivation is defined as the force that moves the individual.
They have motivations. People are motivated towards the goal they value or with external pressures.
They can be motivated. Motivation is the process by which people start and continue at the same time.
Intrinsic motivation for the individual; without external factors, the individual’s
It provides its own motivation. It does not correspond to any external reward.
together, the existence of the person through his inner world.
concepts are strong. Some developmental psychologists argue that with the birth of babies,
They observed that they showed their interest and curiosity without reward.
Extrinsic motivation is the individual being motivated by rewards.
Money, grades, fame, recognition, or power that can move a person.
We can call it as all extrinsic motivation sources that have
Apart from intrinsic motivation, the future depends on rewards. However, in extrinsic motivation if
If the motivating source disappears, the motivation of the individual will be negatively affected.
In such a case, the individual could not find a source of motivation and
Internal and external motivation sources will not show continuity.
It is of great importance for the beginning and continuity of the process.
In the psychotherapy process, the motivations of the clients are also both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation types.
Intrinsic motivation in individuals considering receiving psychotherapy support.
If we examine; many negativities experienced by the individual in his current life.
or he may have lost his intrinsic motivation towards events.
lack of motivation), in fact, the person who was healthier in the past moves towards an unhealthy state.
We can think that the individual is going through an internal process at certain stages in the process.
tried to use his motivation, defense mechanisms, coping skills, but
may have resulted in failure. This situation may cause low motivation.
Each individual targeting the psychotherapy process may be the cause of certain diseases or disorders.
We will examine this point within the context of motivation.
His motivation is to face the problems that he cannot improve despite his individual efforts.
individuals experiencing a decline, in their efforts to find solutions, their perspectives on their lives, hope
They may begin to experience depression at the points they feed on. Psychotherapy by their environment
The client/patient, whose process is recommended, accepts psychotherapy support with external motivation sources.
The psychotherapy decision of the couple AY and NY, who applied to our center with a request for couple therapy,
motivations before, during the application phase and during the psychotherapy process are explained.
AY and NY couple have been together for 12 years in total.
The couple has been married for 9 years and has 1 child; Researches of his wife on AY’s request for divorce
As a result, they applied to the psychotherapy process and discussed their individual wishes, disagreements, understanding.
They reported that they wanted to receive support about the concepts of empathy and empathy.
It has been reported that she received psychotherapy and medication support due to panic disorder.
It was stated that she did not have any psychiatric diagnosis. The psychotherapy process of AY
Before the marriage, he had no motivation and desire for their marriage and therefore divorced.
that he was inclined to the decision of his wife, NY.
His desire to stay married was shared because he appreciated some of his features. AY started the psychotherapy process.
that he started at the request of his wife, that the decision to divorce is not final, but he thinks
It was found that A.Y’s intrinsic motivation was not present before the decision to psychotherapy.
From the very beginning, he exhibited behaviors that his wife would approve completely, and he had the opportunity to get to know himself.
that he was not given, that he tried to be happy for years as his behavior was approved by his wife
but since their sacrifices are no longer reciprocated, their extrinsic motivation also works.
AY tried to be persuaded by his wife during the psychotherapy application process.
While working, his wife receives a gift from NY. The extrinsically motivated AY results in an intrinsic
Despite her demotivated marriage, she is motivated and approves psychotherapy support.NY
Among the internal motivations of , getting to know the other person, something more because he knows.
There is hope that they can fix it easily. Among the sources of extrinsic motivation
a member of a profession in which the condition of “not being divorced” is sought by his environment.
When the couple AY and NY applied to the psychotherapy process, when the couple’s goals were asked,
We got the answer “to be understood and to avoid making one-sided decisions”.
While the couple was informed about the process and goals within the scope of psychoeducation, internal
their motivation is hope, and their external motivation is fed by this hope.
It has been seen that they are in practices against each other. Those who are prone to divorce
During the psychotherapy process, AY asked many questions to his spouse during psychoeducational moments and empathized.
His wife wanted him to establish a divorce, but his wife could not answer this request at first. His external motivation was the decision to divorce.
NY, who was almost destroyed by his wife, whom he knew inclined, “whatever we do, you
You will always want a divorce after all, right? ” , ”there are many solutions here, but
If you are only aiming for divorce, will the result always come to him?”
AY, on the other hand, said, “If I was completely determined to get a divorce, there would be no emotion holding me back.
If it weren’t for it, I would never be here.”
extrinsic motivation to the spouse rather than the reasons for the actual desire to divorce.
Selling the vehicle, which was a gift to his NY wife AY, who was trying to provide
0 bought another car. One of the problems in this process is about not being understood.
increased intrinsic motivation in exchange for the extrinsic motivations provided by itself
During the NY session, he offered himself in return for the sacrifices made by his wife for years.
started to give examples of opportunities. The couple, whose process continues,
During the discussion, he tried to apply the homework given.
The intrinsic motivation of AY, who has a tendency to divorce, is to be understood, noticed, and existing.
While NY is extrinsically motivated to buy back the car, rather than doing the homework.
She was found to have taken away her husband’s external motivation.
AY, who did not lose his inner motivation, was able to approach the situation logically and to his wife.
in order to make them aware of the situation they are in, “why do we go to psychotherapy?”
exactly to be able to manage these moments in a healthy way and to be able to come to an agreement even if we can’t find a common point.
He showed motivation to tidy up the situation with his sentences.
The extrinsic motivation did not disappear upon AY’s behavior in this discussion, and both
His closeness with both his car and his wife, who provides internal motivation, has increased.
The couple participating in the session stated that “they can get ahead by trying to manage the moments” while coming to the session.
They explained that they were able to manage despite having a discussion. Process continuity
AY, from NY,” will be able to provide intrinsic motivation, not financial resources anymore.
not being close and trying to be approved, but being himself, making his own decisions in marriage.
demanded the will to be able to give and implement.
In external sources, the couple’s families are appreciated for knowing they are receiving psychotherapy support.
What a conscious couple, where you can see how much they want to save their marriage, how much they want to save their marriage.
praise that they are, what a devoted parent they are for their children.
In the intrinsic motivation, it is considered as an investment in which they put effort in the process.
the psychotherapy process they saw was almost the last source of hope for them.
While they can provide motivation from many points, motivating on each other
The couple, who started to have approaches, first learned the relationship schemes they had and
situations are related to themselves, some situations are not right or wrong,
it is related to harmony, basically the importance of communication schemes is great.
and their continuity to the sessions was observed for a while.
At the beginning of the sessions, only one party is motivated, followed by couple therapy techniques and
motivating each other through the efforts of clients both individually and as a couple.
their internal motivations with each other, where their behaviors begin and they can reinforce them.
It has been observed that they can share and create extrinsic motivation.
They stated that their intrinsic motivation increased with increasing
The couple, whose sharing increased, even when they could not find any common point in their discussion.
not completely demotivated, apply the logical result or if the result is great
decide not to change something in line with their joint decision, if it will not affect them to a certain extent.
Continuity of extrinsic motivation sources is determined by NY as much as possible.
It was tried to be continued on the AY. This situation was determined by the relationship diagrams with the couple.
The couple, whose sessions ended after a while, talked about motivation in their feedback.
provided notification, the suitability of the method they acquired in the problems that occurred for both parties
gave information about
Schneider (2001) in his study with 250 patients in the hospital, the motivation of psychotherapy
examined its four dimensions and effects. These dimensions are: being negative illness, psychosocial
based etiology, expectations for psychotherapy, openness to psychotherapy. The results are an overall
that openness positively affects outcomes in a psychosocial attribution and similar processes.
has shown. In addition, the possibility of psychotherapy being ineffective in low-motivated patients
It was observed that a positive therapeutic relationship was observed in the clients who started the sessions.
It has been stated that it may be important for clients with low motivation.
Clients applying to psychotherapy must have a cause of disorder or illness.
Having knowledge about self-awareness, problem solving, coping mechanisms
There may be clients who apply with their desire. The motivation for this form of application is
why? The individual always gains a trace despite what he has been through, has positive or negative memories.
and values them. He gains experience and experience. His family’s approaches, teachings and
his own schemas, including the way his environment expresses himself.
The sum of these can affect their intrinsic motivation.
Individual counseling or psychotherapy process, awareness, self-acquaintance and self-
The motivations of the people who applied for the agreement were initially with some concerns.
Recognition can turn into an inner motivation that develops through curiosity.
For this reason, in an individual process, a person may be aware of his own motivation.
It represents the development and increase of the positive or negative points that it recognizes in itself.
The client, who is in his own process, can rely on external motivations with or without some techniques.
For example, the process of self-knowledge motivates oneself individually.
A believing client can buy ice cream after the session.
It can reinforce the ability to use external motivation sources.
As another example, a client with a weekly homework
If he/she fulfills the homework, his/her intrinsic motivation may be high for the session and he/she may feel a little bit before coming.
He can buy himself a very nice gift beforehand. His internal and external motivation are combined.
we can find many examples that we can observe.
motivations can be components such as curiosity, hope, education, learning, recognizing.
In this way, we can consider the sources of motivation that direct