Toys, which children cannot give up, significantly affect the child’s personality. For this reason, it is important to buy toys that increase the ability of observation and exploration, instead of buying many toys for children. said.
BEAUTIFUL TOY CHOICE
In terms of mental and physical health in children’s lives, games and toys have a very important place. With scientific studies conducted today, the importance of development in the first 3 years of age in children’s intelligence development has been revealed. It is a fact that toys not only distract children, but also improve their mental functions. However, some families choose random toys just to make their children happy. Instead of buying many toys for children, toys that increase their ability to observe and explore should be bought. However, toys should be preferred primarily according to the ages that provide body development.
When children play with their toys, they learn to solve problems and get to know their own bodies better. Their creativity develops and they gain leadership skills. When children combine their unlimited energy and imagination with appropriate toys, their development continues as a non-stop action.
EXPERT RECOMMENDED TOYS
When buying toys, first of all, toys that have been recommended by the experts of the subject and determined to be suitable for which age groups should be preferred. It should not be forgotten that toys that are small, short in size, with plastic buttons, that can easily break off, that have eyes, wheels or similar parts can pose a danger before a certain age group because they can be swallowed easily. It is also very important for families to be advised by experts about buying games and toys that increase sharing for their children. The toys chosen by the children should have a certain feature according to their age, and the surfaces of the toys should be smooth and easy to clean.
HOW TO SELECT A TOY BY AGE?
When choosing toys, families should consider the age and needs of the child instead of their own wishes and tastes, and the child’s opinion should also be sought.
Since a child under the age of six months is sensitive to sounds, shapes and colors, moving toys that appeal to visual and auditory senses attract his attention and cheer him up. Colorful objects that can be hung on the bed and make a sound when shaken and rattles are indispensable toys of this period. From the seventh month of sitting, the child tries to catch everything he can reach and put everything he catches in his mouth. The things he likes the most are the colorful rings that he can easily pass from one hand to the other, the plastic cubes he can grasp, the rubber objects he can gnaw on, and the soft dolls and animals that do not deteriorate when battered. Toys that jump and make noise when they fall are the center of attention, as they enjoy throwing things on the ground when they can stand up even if they are holding on. Colored balls of all sizes and boxes that can be interlocked are the toys of this period.
The child, who can now walk around the house comfortably, chooses large animal type toys, small chests, baskets and stools on which he can sit.
Other toys that interest the two-year-old, who enjoy taking the whole into pieces, filling and emptying the box, and building towers and bridges, include kitchen utensils, plastic pieces of different sizes, dolls with hair and clothes, and cars. Miniature carpentry or kitchen sets are favorite toys for children who start to imitate their parents in later periods. Room sets and toys such as buckets and shovels are also interesting.
While the tricycle is the most popular toy after the age of three, the child who begins to explore his creativity takes great pleasure in creating various shapes with wooden blocks and large plastic pieces. The toys that he can shape like sand and play dough, improve his hand skills and make his dreams come true are the most frequently played toys after this period.
Between the ages of 3 and 5, fantasy and exploration (household, school games and dolls, kitchen and doctor’s examination instruments), language development (such as piano with colored keys, music and story tapes and puppets) and preparation for arithmetic (picture and number matching games; dominoes) , Ludo and number cards).
Between the ages of 6 and 8, toys that provide social development and cooperation (ball, hopscotch, checkers, miniature cars), cognitive skills and perceptual movement skills (models, puzzle games) and creative expression toys (finger paint, paper pulp, watercolor or pastel paintings, play dough, plays such as charades),
9-11 year olds: problem-solving abilities (complex board games and video games), fine-detailed movement skills (small piece, complex jigsaw puzzles, 3D model airplanes, remote-controlled vehicles, fabric painting, woodworking, and aquarium maintenance) ) and games and toys for strategic abilities (such as word generation, monopoly, tennis, ping-pong and arcade),
Over the age of 12, games and toys for abstract thinking and reasoning (such as a simple microscope or telescope, chemistry or electronic sets) and games and toys for gaining independent living skills (such as walking, cycling and camping) are recommended.
ACCIDENTS CAUSED BY TOYS
* Small parts in Lego sets can cause choking.
* Batteries marked AAA may present a choking hazard to children. Those bearing the AA mark do not pose a risk of suffocation.
* Hemispherical, cup-shaped toys cover the mouths and noses of children and stick to the children’s saliva, and when inhaled, the air inside is emptied and pressure is created, causing the child to suffocate.
* Electric toys are among the most problematic toy groups.
* The problems that arise in this kind of toys are overheating and flaming. In some cases, accidents are caused by consumers’ tampering with the electrical system or abuses that are not caused by the foreseen use.
* The recommended age for toys whose parts are heated electrically should be 5 years or older. Electric toys should be used under adult supervision.