CHILDREN’S DENTISTRY

Pedodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with children. The purpose of pediatric dentistry; To prevent the problems that have occurred and to apply preventive treatments.

Common Dental Problems in Children:

  • Rotten
  • Impact-related dental trauma
  • Teeth that don’t come out in the mouth
  • Abnormal tooth discoloration and deformities
  • Confusions, gaps
  • Early tooth loss

Pedodontic treatments:

  • milk tooth fillings
  • Primary tooth root canal treatments
  • Fissure sealant applications
  • Fluorine application
  • placeholders
  • Oral hygiene education
  • Gaining nutritional habits

Importance of fluorine application:

Fluoride is an important compound that should be present in the tooth structure, to give strength and resistance to the tooth. This compound is found in a certain amount of each person in the tooth structure. However, it is often deficient in children due to nutrition. While adults can easily get fluoride from these toothpaste products, children are deprived of this compound because they do not have much early brushing habits. For these reasons, topical fluoride treatment applied by physicians is very important. Children should be under the control of a physician regularly every 6 months.

Fissur sealent:

The chewing surfaces of the teeth are usually indented. This causes food residues to accumulate easily in these areas and cause cavities to form rapidly. In order to prevent this, the protective and especially fillings that are applied to the chewing surfaces of the teeth in children with a fluid, special material without any intervention on the teeth are called fissure sealants.

Placeholders:

They are fixed or removable simple orthodontic appliances made to protect the existing area until the eruption of the permanent teeth that will replace the milk teeth lost in the early period due to various reasons. No matter how simple this intervention is, its effects can prevent orthodontic problems that will occur later. (crowding, gaping, narrowness of space, speech disorder, aesthetic disorder, etc.)It is very important to avoid.

Should milk teeth be treated?

Milk teeth should be treated just like permanent teeth. “It will change anyway!” With the thought of pulling these teeth out, it causes many problems. Milk teeth are of great importance in nutrition. Children with cavities or milk teeth extracted cannot eat comfortably, so their development is adversely affected. Teeth are necessary for speaking. Especially in the period of learning to speak, the missing front milk teeth will cause the letters f, v, s, z, t to become a habit and to be mispronounced for life.

How should the baby’s first 6 months of oral care be?

Babies erupt their first teeth at the age of 6 months on average. Before the teeth erupt, the baby’s salivation, bumps and itching in the gums, restlessness, insomnia, fever and diarrhea can be observed.
To relieve the baby’s itching, thick-cut, chilled vegetables such as carrots and cucumbers can be given to the baby, as well as cooled teether in the refrigerator.

What does the baby’s 6 months – 12 months oral care include?

Teeth have started to erupt. If oral cleaning is not done during this period, the bacteria causing caries formation will take place in the baby’s mouth and cause the development of caries after the teeth come out, so the baby’s oral hygiene should be given importance. It should be brushed lightly without using toothpaste with the help of a brush. should not be submerged. Sugar should not be added to the formula and milk given in a bottle during the last feeding at night.

What should be the oral care of the baby at 12 months – 24 months?

Babies should be seen by a pedodontist from 12 months onwards. Even if your baby does not have any obvious complaints, you can have fluoride application and learn about dental health, if necessary, as an examination at a pedodontist during this period. Moreover, since your baby will meet the dentist for the first time at an early age, you can help him overcome possible fear of the dentist in the future. If the child can rinse his mouth, brush the child’s teeth with a soft brush. Please give the necessary importance to the oral care of the child, as the milk teeth are about to complete their eruption.

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