Children and Privacy Education

Children have rights just like all other adults. One of them is the right to privacy. In the article mentioned in the declaration of the World Sexual Health Association, it is stated that every individual has the right to privacy about their own sexuality, sexual behavior and sexual identity. Of course, this includes our children. Parents are responsible for preparing their children for the outside world and supporting them. While doing this, they should give them scientific sexuality education and privacy awareness in accordance with their age. It is important for children to know their changing bodies as they grow up and to be prepared for the changes that may occur. It is equally important that they learn about this subject from reliable and scientific sources. Children should also be made aware of the risks of abuse they may encounter at any age, and it is a critical point for them to be able to protect and defend themselves. Parents have an important responsibility here.

Privacy education can be given to children from the age of 3-4 years. One of the most important points to be considered while giving education is not to frighten the child. While giving information about privacy and teaching how to protect oneself, it should be told without creating anxiety and stress. At the same time, it should not be forgotten that parents are important role models for the child, and what is wanted to be taught should be applied. In order for children to understand the concept of ‘private’ and protect themselves, they must first recognize the parts of their bodies that are private to them. Intimate areas can be taught to children from the age of 2. The awareness that children’s bodies belong only to them should be created and it should be clearly stated that no one has a right over their bodies. Getting permission from the parents when kissing or touching the child helps to develop body image in the child (can be applied from 4 years of age).

Children’s acquisition of skills such as self-care and dressing and undressing at an early age contributes to their awareness of privacy. Children should not be walked around naked, either inside the house or outside, and care should be taken not to be in front of other individuals while changing clothes. At the same time, it should be explained to the child that everyone’s room in the house is private and should not be entered without permission. This rule should apply not only to the child but also to the parents, and the parents should not enter the child’s room without permission. It should not be forgotten that they are the primary and most important role models for children.

Another important issue is that the child should be alone in areas such as bathrooms and toilets. Children should know that they should be alone and no one should watch them while they go to the toilet. Likewise, they should be alone while taking a shower in the bathroom. If the child needs help, the helping parent must cover the child’s private areas. Another point is; jokes about their private parts should be avoided when communicating with children. Encouraging them to display should be avoided.

So, does privacy training end after doing these? There is one more thing that should definitely be taught to children: to teach self-defense, to protect themselves. In case of abuse, children must be told what they can/should do. Most basically, parents should teach children from an early age not to go anywhere with people they know or don’t know without their permission. It is to be told that they have to react in the face of a power that is shown to them against their will. It should be noted that it is important to run away, react by shouting or ask for help when necessary. They should be taught the numbers that they can reach in case of emergency, these can be the mobile phone numbers of the parents, the police, the gendarmerie. Teaching the child about various privacy violations that he or she may encounter may help to take precautionary measures.

Most importantly, you need to tell your children that you will always be there for them and that you will support them. No matter what happens, you should say that he can tell you his thoughts, concerns and thoughts without hesitation. Children should always be encouraged to share their privacy with parents or a trusted adult when they feel threatened or uncomfortable.

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