Child abuse (abuse) and neglect; Social rules directed at the child by an adult such as a mother, father or caregiver, and all actions or inactions that are considered inappropriate or damaging by professionals, that prevent or limit the child’s development. Abuse and neglect can cause some negative consequences in adulthood, as well as physical and psychological harm that may occur in the child.
Emotional abuse is the act of treating a child or adolescent in a way that will prevent them from positively perceiving their own body and personality, and offend their feelings. It is the most common form of abuse. It includes behaviors such as shouting, humiliating, and contempt. It is known that individuals who are subjected to physical and sexual abuse are mostly exposed to emotional abuse and neglect. Although it has devastating consequences for the child’s development and functionality, it is difficult to recognize emotional abuse because there is no physical finding. Neglect is the deprivation of the child’s basic needs such as nutrition, shelter and protection. Abuse is done actively and neglect is done passively.
How do childhood traumas manifest in adulthood?
Exposure of individuals to experiences of neglect and abuse in their childhood can cause them to develop insecure attachment and affect their relationships in adult life. Exposure to domestic violence as a child often makes it difficult to establish stable and reliable relationships in adulthood. Parents who experience their own trauma can also be emotionally unstable and inconsistent in providing comfort and protection.
If the person reacts inappropriately and excessively to their current conditions or problems; If triggered by seemingly unrelated situations or events, it may be considered traumatic memories to work on. Many traumatized people are chronically out of touch with the people around them.
Many studies show evidence of a relationship between childhood traumatic experiences and mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, substance use disorders, eating disorders, and personality disorders.
Many features that will be protective in adult life, such as self-esteem, self-confidence, psychological resilience, and emotion regulation skills, are negatively affected by traumatic experiences in childhood. Children who do not feel safe in infancy have problems regulating their moods and emotional reactions as they grow up.