Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Child psychiatry: It is the science that examines the developing, adaptation and behavioral problems in children. Child psychiatrists, psychologists, pedagogues, social workers, social nurses work in these services.
Working with the family has a great place in child psychiatry because there is a close relationship between the psychopathology of the family and the psychopathology of the child.

If you have a 0,3 year old child and you find 10 of the following items, you should definitely consult a specialist.

Using the checklist below, if you identify at least 10 of them in children aged 0-3, you can overcome difficulties with the help of an expert. The sooner you act, the faster the resolution will be.

1 – Excessive isolation (separation from the environment).
2 – Not waiting to be picked up.
3 – Not being sensitive to pain.
4 – Avoiding eye contact.
5 – Avoiding change.
a) In terms of the location of the objects.
b) In terms of behavioral characteristics.
6 – Paying more attention to inanimate objects than people.
7 – Doing the same movements repeatedly (stereotype).
8 – Difficulty and delay in speech (for no other reason).
9 – Sudden or delayed echolalia.
10- Do not put words in wrong places in the sentence.
11- Stereotypical body movements (flapping, shaking).
12- Do not intentionally injure yourself, do not hit your head.
13- Do not laugh, smile or cry for no reason.
14- Do not show signs of normal intelligence.
15- Short-term recovery periods following mental decline.
16- Normal motor (movement) development.
17- Non-emotional attachment.
18- Difficulty in relations with other children.
19- Abnormal responses to stimuli (sound, light).
20- Giving the impression of not understanding what is being said.
21- Using people as objects or tools.
22- Problems in nutrition, sleep and eating.
23- Extreme fear and fearlessness.
24- Showing special or strange abilities such as strong memory, music, reading.
25- Excessive or little mobility.
26- Serious and sad face appearance.
27- Extreme negativism (inability to imitate other children).
28- A short attention span.

Children may exhibit emotional and behavioral problems that affect their school and social life at any time in their lives and may occur due to various reasons. These problems are generally manifested by the interaction of their biological predispositions with various psychological and social stressors. There are many schools of psychotherapy considered for use in these situations.

Adolescent Psychiatry: It is the general name of doctors who specialize in the psychiatric problems of adolescents and younger children. Problems can be structural and environmental, as well as they can arise depending on life events. Although attention deficit and hyperactivity are the most common problems that child and adolescent psychiatrists encounter, speech, expression, eating and sexual identity disorders can be counted as other problems. Individual psychotherapy, family therapy and communication guidance are some of the treatment methods used by child and adolescent psychiatrists.

WHAT IS PSYCHOTHERAPY?

Psychiatric treatments have always been seen as different and different from other diseases. Another reason for this is the application of a method that is not used in other diseases, namely psychotherapy.

However, most people, including physicians other than psychiatrists, do not know much about it.

It is true that with this method, awareness about the cause of psychiatric illness is made. However, the question often arises whether all patients with a clinical psychiatric disorder need psychotherapy.

If this question is asked in terms of whether it is necessary to inform about the disease, the answer is yes.

If asked in the sense of structured counseling to uncover and resolve some hidden psychological cause, the answer is no. Psychological problems that may cause depression do not usually occur in patients.

Psychotherapy can be applied in the form of formal counseling for problems in interpersonal relationships or low self-esteem.
There is no one-to-one relationship between having depression and needing such counseling.
Many patients with depression have no problems with self-esteem or interpersonal relationships after effective drug therapy. Conversely, there are people who have such problems but have never had a depressive episode.

In short, the need for psychotherapy varies for each patient. Sometimes only medication is sufficient, while in some patients both psychotherapy and medication can be used. Sometimes psychotherapeutic methods alone are used.

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