Abusive attitude towards children has existed from the history of humanity to the present day. In the past, children were made slaves and sold for money, wounded, killed, and sometimes buried alive. There are even societies where girls are not valued and burned as soon as they are born. In this way, abuse cases have continued from history to the present, perhaps using the same or different ways.
Abuse includes all forms of physical and emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, carelessness, commercial and other exploitation of children under the age of eighteen that result in real or concealed harm to their health, life, development or dignity1 (WHO, 2006, 2010). Despite the different statistical results regarding the prevalence of abuse experiences, it is reported in international studies that approximately 20% of women and 5-10% of men are exposed to sexual abuse during childhood, while 25-50% of all individuals are exposed to physical abuse (WHO, 2004). 2010)2
Abuse is a phenomenon that seriously affects children’s physical, social and psychological health in the short, medium and long term. In particular, exposure to ill-treatment by people who are responsible for protecting them deeply affects the child psychologically (Topçu, 2009).
. Although many laws and regulations have been enacted on this issue, this problem has not been resolved and this awareness has not been brought to the society, including the most developed countries of the world.
Child sexual abuse is a wide-ranging and complex problem with physical, emotional, social, moral, cultural and legal dimensions. sexual abuse; It is defined as the use of a child or adolescent who has not yet completed their sexual development by an adult by using force, threat or deception to meet their sexual desires and needs. If the abuse is committed by someone who is related to the child or adolescent or is responsible for taking care of them, this situation is called “incest”. While talking about sexual abuse, sexual activity between a child and an adult is emphasized, but sexual activities between two children; When the age difference is at least 5 years and the young child is exposed to activities aimed at sexual pleasure by coercion or persuasion, it is considered as sexual abuse (İşeri, 2008). (Nurcombe, 2000).5