Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Op. Dr. Gönül Çimen gave important information about the symptoms and diagnosis of cervical cancer, the importance of smear test and HPV types. The cervix, the cervix, is the part of the uterus that forms the lower 1/3 of the uterus, where the uterus opens to the vagina and expands during childbirth. Cervical cancer, which is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths, occurs between the ages of 35-55 on average. But it is a cancer that can be prevented with regular screenings and vaccination.
Cervical Cancer Occurs Not Suddenly, But Over 10-15 Years
In the early stage of cancer, the person has no complaints and the findings appear in the later stages. The time elapsed between the changes that started in the cervix and the onset of complaints is between 10-15 years on average. Cervical cancer does not occur suddenly, but following precancerous changes that later develop into cancer, often years later. It is necessary to be aware of cervical cancer, which is the only gynecological cancer that can be prevented as a result of regular screenings.
Cervical Cancer Causes the Death of 1 Woman Every 2 Minutes in the World
Although HPV has more than 120 types, every woman regardless of sociocultural and economic level is at risk for HPV. There is a high correlation between cervical cancer and HPV. The most important transmission route of HPV is sexual intercourse, but it can also be transmitted by skin contact, contact with an infected material to the external genitalia, and using a European toilet.
Early sexual life, polygamy or polygamy and smoking are also among the risks. 90% of HPV infection is temporary and cleared immunologically from the body within 1-2 years, but persistent infections carry a risk for cancer.
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer, and it causes the death of 1 woman every 2 minutes in the world. The incidence of cancer decreases with successful screening programs. Every woman who thinks about her health and future should have regular screenings.
HPV Vaccine is an Effective Method to Prevent Cancer
In addition to monogamy, condom use, smoking cessation, healthy diet and exercise, HPV vaccination is also an important factor in preventing cancer. The greatest benefit from vaccination is provided by young girls and women who are not infected with HPV. Vaccination of sexually active women is a decision that should be made together by the patient and the doctor. Even if they have been vaccinated against HPV, women should continue to be screened for cervical cancer regularly.
Cervical Cancer Is The Only Gynecological Cancer That Can Be Prevented By Regular Screening
HPV infection seen in women over 30 years of age tends to be more resistant than women of younger age. Women should have smear and HPV screening, especially by the age of 30. Cancer does not develop in women who are treated appropriately in the pre-cancerous period. The relationship between cervical cancer and HPV virus is 99%. That’s why we recommend women to have regular HPV screening along with the smear test. Especially after the age of 30, women should have a regular smear screening every 3 years, and a smear and HPV screening every 5 years. It has been observed that deaths due to cervical cancer decrease when successful screening is performed.