Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer, which is frequently seen in the age groups that have completed their fertility, is also encountered under the age of 40 with a rate of 20-25 percent today. Due to factors such as early sexual intercourse, smoking, polygamy, and nutritional problems, the age of catching cervical cancer is gradually decreasing. It is noted that the rate of catching cervical cancer during a woman’s lifetime is around 1%, and that approximately 1600 new cases are detected annually in our country. 600-700 of these cases die.


Thanks to regular gynecological examination and smear test, the disease can be controlled before cancer cells form in the cervix. However, when some symptoms appear, the process may be advanced for the patient. In the early period of cervical cancer, bleeding and pain after sexual intercourse, irregularities in the menstrual period, intermenstrual bleeding, that is, non-menstrual bleeding occurs. In the advanced stage of the disease, severe pain can be seen in the groin area.

Treatment of cervical cancer cannot be standardized. In other words, the same treatment is not applied to every cervical cancer patient. Treatment planning is done with a personalized approach by targeting the criteria that are important and prioritized for the patient. prof. Dr. According to Üstün, the age of the woman, her desire to have a child, the clinical stage of the disease, whether there is any health problem that may prevent the surgery, and the pathology findings are considered very important in the decision-making process. Treatment is individualized after all options have been evaluated. Within the scope of treatment; if surgery cannot be performed; radiotherapy and supportive chemotherapy, and when it comes to advanced stages, palliative care comes to the fore.


HPV vaccine, which has a history of almost 10 years, is used for the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer. It gives the following information about the use of the vaccine: “When HPV vaccine is used as a prophylactic, it creates a resistance against HPV infection and when the virus is infected, it is ensured that the body expels it. According to 2016 data, the vaccine, which is included in the national vaccination program of approximately 65 countries, is still not in the national vaccination program in our country, but its use is increasing with the awareness of the society in this area. Along with the vaccine, regular screening tests should not be neglected.


To prevent cervical cancer; quitting smoking, using barrier methods in sexual intercourse, changing the diet and acquiring Mediterranean-type eating habits, and consuming vegetables-fruit-based foods that contain vitamins such as folic acid, B vitamins and carotene are also among the important factors.

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