“I can’t go up the stairs, I’ll wait for the elevator”
“I walked 3 steps, my knee hurt right away”
“I can’t leave the house since I gained weight”
These words, which we are accustomed to hear frequently, especially from individuals who are over middle-aged and overweight, actually point to a very important disorder. Joint calcification, which reduces the mobility of the person and seriously reduces the quality of life, especially threatens the obese.
ATTENTION AFTER 40!
Joint calcification, with its medical name “osteoarthritis”, is the most common joint disease. This discomfort, which is the most common cause of knee and hip pain, can cause deterioration, wear, thinning and loss of articular cartilage. In addition, as a result of changes in the bone tissue under the articular cartilage, bone growths and protrusions at the joint edge (osteophyte) develop.
Ultimately, osteoarthritis is a disease that disrupts the normal structure of the joints, causing limitation in movements and pain. Although this disease affects everyone, young or old, it is more common in active individuals over the age of 40.
FACTORS PLAYING A ROLE IN THE EMERGENCY OF OSTEOARTHRITIS
Joint calcification is most common in women: Osteoarthritis, especially involving the knee and hand joints, is more common in women.
Joint calcification is more common in the elderly: Osteoarthritis usually begins after the age of 45. It is most common to start in the 50s and 60s. It is rare before the age of 40.
It is very difficult to treat joint calcification due to obesity: The most important cause of joint calcification, especially in the knee and hip, in many people is obesity. Excessive load on the joint due to obesity causes rapid development and severe course of joint calcification. These patients are very difficult to treat.
Joint injuries may cause joint calcification in the future: A trauma or major surgery to the joint may cause osteoarthritis to develop years later. Some congenital joint diseases can also lead to the development of osteoarthritis in advanced ages. In addition, some professions cause more use of some joints and premature wear in these joints.
It can develop familial: Osteoarthritis is not a hereditary disease, but some types of osteoarthritis show familial inheritance.
In advanced patients, the severity of pain increases continuously: The most common symptoms are pain and stiffness in the joint. The pain increases after movement and towards the evening. Joint stiffness goes away within a few minutes with rest. In advanced patients, the pain may become very severe and continuous. In these patients, the intensity of the pain does not decrease with rest or at night. For example; It may be difficult for a patient with knee joint calcification to go up and down stairs, sit up and squat.
The joint cannot move freely and normally as before. Swelling in the joint, osteophytes developing in the bone; A rheumatic disease manifested by pain and limitation of movement in the joint or an increase in intra-articular fluid may cause the joint to appear swollen. In this case, the joint is sensitive and painful when touched. X-rays are required to diagnose the disease. In order to determine the causes, some blood tests, further tests such as MRI or CT may be required.
Knee osteoarthritis is most common in women: Knee osteoarthritis is more common in women than men. It is more common after the age of 50. Usually the person holds both knees. Obesity, trauma to the knee, previous surgeries are the factors that increase the risk of osteoarthritis in the knee the most. Pain is often the first symptom. In severe cases, deformity occurs in the knee and the knee cannot be opened as easily as before. The patient cannot squat, go up and down stairs, and sometimes even walking becomes impossible.
Hip osteoarthritis occurs after the age of 40: It occurs with equal frequency in men and women. It usually occurs after the age of 40. Involvement of unilateral or both hip joints can be seen. Those with congenital hip joint disease or those who have had a disease involving this joint in childhood may develop osteoarthritis in later life. Hip osteoarthritis is usually seen due to secondary causes.
Exercising regularly and paying attention to excess weight play an important role in the treatment: The main goals of the treatment of arthritis are; to relieve pain, to correct limitation of movement, to help the activities of daily living without problems and to prevent the progression of the disease. There is no treatment that completely cures this ailment.
It is not possible to renew the worn cartilage tissue. It is very beneficial to reduce the body weight to the ideal weight, to reduce the load on the joint with regular exercises and to increase the muscle strength. It is very important to distribute daily chores and recommended exercises in a balanced way throughout the day. For joint pain, first of all, simple painkillers, some drugs in the early stage and intra-articular injections can be applied. In appropriate cases, hot or cold applications also provide pain relief.