Causes and Treatment of Gum Diseases

As the causes of gum diseases; In addition to basic risk factors such as inadequate oral hygiene, smoking and diabetes, irregular nutrition, stress, faulty and poorly made crown-bridge-filling restorations, drugs that reduce salivary flow rate, some diseases that affect the body defense system such as AIDS and leukemia, and genetic predisposition can be listed as .

The probability of gum disease is much higher in individuals who do not have the habit of brushing their teeth regularly, which interferes with their daily care. Daily routine tooth brushing, floss use, use of interface brushes, use of mouthwashes increase oral hygiene and prevent or reduce the formation of bacterial plaque and tartar. The use of these products is needed more frequently, especially in individuals with crowded teeth and restorations such as bridges and fillings.

It both creates a great risk for the formation of gum disease and negatively affects the treatment of gum disease. In many studies, it has been proven that smoking increases the number of microorganisms in the mouth and has a negative effect on wound healing. In addition, since it has a bleeding-reducing effect due to the components in the structure of cigarettes, it makes the diagnosis of the disease difficult by masking the most important symptom of the existing gum disease.

One of the most important changes seen in the mouth in patients with uncontrolled diabetes is the decrease in salivary flow rate and the formation of dry mouth. This leads to an increase in the number of microorganisms in the mouth and makes oral hygiene difficult. In addition, uncontrolled diabetic patients have a higher risk of developing infection, so the development of gum diseases is easier and the destruction of gum disease is more.

Having healthy gums is very important for your overall health. Having gum treatment reduces the chance of both tooth loss and further damage to your gums. The probability of experiencing health problems such as diabetes, heart diseases, cancer, osteoporosis decreases when you maintain your gum health. It has been proven by many studies that correct and effective brushing is of great importance in preventing gum diseases. Gum diseases do not go away on their own or by using medication, using mouthwashes, using vitamins. Medicines reduce the risk of infection after the treatments and help to complete the healing without any problems, but the use of mouthwash alone without periodontal treatment will not give results!! In the initial stages of periodontal disease, only a simple scaling may be sufficient. In more advanced cases, adjustments under local anesthesia may be required in the gums and surrounding tissues.

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