Cataract

WHAT IS CATARACT?
It is the loss of transparency of the lens inside the eye. The task of this lens is to refract the rays coming into the eye and make the image fall on the retina. The image of a concentrated lens can be compared to a frosted or yellowed piece of glass.

FREQUENT WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

It can give different symptoms depending on the rate of occlusion and location.

-Painless vision reduction

-Glare or light sensitivity

– Decreased vision that is too bright or too dark

-Double vision with one eye

-Needs more intense light for reading

– Yellowing or fading of colors

WHAT CAUSES CATARACT?
The most common cause is aging.

-Genetic

-Systemic diseases, such as diabetes

-Eye injuries

-Some drugs, eg steroids

-Long-term, unprotected exposure to sunlight (UV)

-Past eye surgery

HOW CAN IT BE AVOIDED?

Use of a glass that prevents or slows the formation of cataracts, medication

There is no cure, diet or exercise.

HOW FAST DOES IT GROW?

It differs from person to person, even between the two eyes. Most senile cataracts progress over the years. Cataracts seen in young people and those with diabetes may progress more rapidly. However, overall pacing is unpredictable.

HOW IS CATARACT DIAGNOSED?
It is diagnosed by an ophthalmologist by examining it with special devices. As a result of a careful examination, other conditions that may lead to a decrease in vision are reviewed, and the extent of the increase in the patient’s vision after the removal of the cataract and the time of removal of the cataract are evaluated.

HOW IS CATARACT TREATED?

The only treatment is surgery. If the cataract has not reduced vision too much, sometimes better vision can be achieved with a small change in the eyeglass prescription.

WHEN SHOULD CATARACT SURGERY BE DONE?
Cataract surgery should be considered when there is a decrease in vision that affects the daily life of the person.

It is not correct to take it because it has to be too mature for surgery or just because it exists. Cataract surgery for a person who needs very good vision professionally (for example, a pilot) is performed at an earlier stage than an older person who does not drive or read a lot. Cataract surgery can be performed when vision decreases to a level that prevents daily or occupational needs and the ophthalmologist decides that cataract surgery will increase vision sufficiently.

HOW ARE THE RESULTS OF CATARACT SURGERY?

Every year, millions of people in the world have cataract surgery and the results are successful.

During cataract surgery, the clouded lens of the eye is removed under local or drop anesthesia and replaced with a permanent artificial lens that has the same focusing power.

It is performed under a surgical microscope with special surgical instruments produced for eye surgeries.

You can go home after resting for 1-2 hours after surgery. You should use the drops prescribed by your doctor as recommended and come to the controls.

If there is no predetermined visual obstacle in the eye, the results of cataract surgery are quite successful. However, the existence of complications that may occur during and after the surgery that may affect vision should not be forgotten, and the surgeon should be informed of the smallest problem noticed after the surgery.

You can do light activities immediately after surgery. There are no restrictions on reading, watching TV, sleeping, walking and eating. After the first day, you can do moderate activities that do not strain the body. After a month, you can practice heavy activities.

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