Carpal tunnel syndrome is a very common condition that causes numbness and tingling in the hands and arms. Dear patients, in this article, I will give you detailed information about Carpal tunnel syndrome. Although it is stated that the treatment of the syndrome is surgical, you will find my suggestions in the following lines of my article as changing a few habits and taking precautions will provide you with a much more comfortable life.
We refer to the problem that occurs when the median nerve, which is one of the large nerves in our hand, is compressed as it passes through the wrist region, as “carpal tunnel syndrome”. This syndrome gets progressively worse when no precautions are taken and negatively affects the life of the person, so early diagnosis is very important.
How Does Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Occur?
The area called the carpal tunnel is located in the wrist and is a tunnel with a diameter of approximately 2.4 cm, through which the nerve passes. The tunnel is formed by bones called Carpal. At the roof of the tunnel, there are connective tissues that we call the Carpal ligament. The median nerve passes through this tunnel. The nerve originates as a group of nerve roots in the neck and continues as a single nerve in the arm. The median nerve enters the hand through the carpal tunnel. This nerve supplies sensation to the thumb, index, middle and ring fingers.
I briefly mentioned the carpal tunnel region, the path followed by the median nerve and its function above. The emergence of the syndrome occurs as a result of pressure on the median nerve due to narrowing of the carpal tunnel or swelling of the tendons forming the roof of the tunnel. Pressure on the nerve is characterized by pain in the hand, numbness, tingling and loss of strength in progressive cases.
What Causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most common problems. Computer workers, women and the elderly are at higher risk as a result of research. Dear patients, I would like to briefly talk about the causes of Carpal tunnel syndrome.
Repetitive hand use:Dealing with tasks that require wrist movement such as using a mouse, typing, and embroidery can cause the tendons in the wrist to swell and put pressure on the nerve.
Hand and wrist position: Activities that involve bending the hand and wrist for a long time or holding them tight should be avoided. Such movements can cause increased pressure on the nerve.
Pregnancy: Swelling may occur due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. As a result of the swelling, pressure on the median nerve may occur, causing a carpal tunnel.
Genetic predisposition:In some people, the area we call the carpal tunnel may be narrower than normal, which creates pressure on the nerve.
Different diseases:Diseases such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis can be associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.
What Are the Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Dear patients, if I need to briefly talk about the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome;
Numbness, tingling, burning and pain in the fingers, especially in the thumb and index finger.
Electric shock sensation radiating to fingers
Pain or tingling sensation that progresses from the forearm to the shoulder
Weakness in the hand, difficulty in grasping
Symptoms such as wrist and hand pains that can wake the person from sleep indicate carpal tunnel syndrome.
Beware: Unless the numbness and electric sensation in the fingers is due to an impact, you should definitely see a specialist as soon as possible.
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome appear gradually. These symptoms can also occur after a trauma, injury, or accident, but regardless of this, the symptoms need to be closely examined. As the pressure on the nerve increases, the symptoms progress. Symptoms may increase while reading a book, using the phone or driving a vehicle. In addition, people who twist their wrists and put them under their head while sleeping also have night pains.
Dear patients, we know that many patients with carpal tunnel syndrome mention that moving or shaking their hands reduces symptoms. If you have similar symptoms, you should definitely see a specialist if you feel relief when you release your hands.