Carotid artery (carotid artery) stenosis and intravenous treatment

jugular vein (carotid artery) What is stenosis, what complaints does it cause?

Carotid artery stenosis, also known as carotid artery stenosis, located on both sides of the neck, is a disease that occurs as a result of the coating of the inner surface of the vessel with plaque. It is important. Because it throws a clot in the brain and causes the death of patients or their dependent (paralyzed) life. These patients usually apply to the doctor because of a clot in the brain. In some patients, the blood vessel narrows more and more before the clot throws a clot in the brain, leading to complaints such as dizziness and forgetfulness.

If the degree of stenosis exceeds 50%, the risk of clotting in the brain increases significantly. It is important to catch these patients before they have a clot in the brain and to take precautions. The use of blood thinners in these patients reduces the risk of clot formation.

Why does carotid artery stenosis occur and in whom is it common?

This disease is usually a disease of advanced age and its cause is atherosclerosis, that is, hardening of the arteries. Smoking, alcohol, high blood pressure, diabetes, familial diseases that cause high blood fats, advanced age and sedentary life lead to the formation of this disease. In order to prevent the development of stenosis, smoking should not be treated, and the diseases that cause it should be treated. In addition, exercise slows the progression of the disease.

How is the diagnosis made in carotid artery stenosis?

Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and, if necessary, angiography are used in the diagnosis of these patients. It is usually performed for the diagnosis without the need for angiography, which is done through the groin.

How is carotid artery stenosis treated?

Patients with carotid artery stenosis should be followed up and treated surgically or endovascularly, that is, intravenously, in case of stenosis greater than 50% if it causes complaints, and more than 70% even if it does not cause any complaints. Both methods are very successful in treatment.

However, in recent years, the treatment of stenosis of the carotid artery is more common and frequently done intravenously without cutting the patient. This method is performed by interventional radiologists. In this method, stenosis is treated without putting the patient to sleep, accompanied by a protection filter. The stenosis is opened with a stent and balloon. The process takes about 30-40 minutes. Patients are discharged after 1 day of hospitalization.

Patients should continue to use blood thinners even if they are treated, and they should be followed up at regular intervals.

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