Common in the community capillary rupture The problem is a kind of varicose formation. It is not a dangerous problem other than creating an aesthetic difference for patients. Since it has a different structure from varicose veins, it has a separate terminological name as “telangiectasia”.
The blood vessels in the body are divided into 3: artery (artery), vein (vein), capillary (capillary). Capillaries are the types of vessels with the smallest diameter in the body, but occupying the largest total surface area. Substance transfer between blood and lymph fluid takes place by capillaries. Capillaries located between arteries and veins have less blood pressure than arteries and more blood pressure than veins. Thanks to this pressure difference, substances in the blood pass into the lymph fluid through substance passage ways such as osmosis, active passage, diffusion. In this way, an important part of the lymph and blood circulation takes place. The diameter of the capillaries is 4-10 microns. Veins of this diameter may expand as a result of certain reasons and cause a defect on the skin surface. Capillary cracks are thread-like structures in a spider web structure, 1-2 millimeters in size. It may become evident on the skin in a reticulated structure in purple and red tones. Sometimes, capillary cracks can become even more pronounced as a result of dilatation.
Cracking of capillaries Although there is no definite reason for this defect, many factors can be counted. Sun rays, pregnancy, excess weight, sedentary life, skin traumas can be counted among these. Telangiectasias, also called capillary varices, do not cause pain and suffering. However, in some cases, it may feel a small stinging and itching in the area. While some cases may go away on their own, some capillary cracks may need treatment. For example, capillary varicose veins may increase significantly during pregnancy. Within 2-3 months after birth, the cracks may disappear or may take their place on the skin permanently. In these cases, patients may seek the right clinic and specialist physician to treat vascular cracks, which they see as an aesthetic problem, in a short time. It is important for skin health to receive counseling and treatment from physicians experienced in the field of aesthetic touches, especially in treatments for defects on the skin surface.
Varicose veins and capillary cracking have the same formation characteristics and causes. However, while varicose veins grow and become prominent under the skin, capillary cracks occur only when the capillaries grow and expand as a result of certain reasons and become evident under the skin, as in the name. Varicose veins are the problem of larger diameters, the enlargement of the veins and their collection in colors close to blue. Different treatment protocols are applied than the clarification and cracking of capillaries, sometimes it can cause pain for the patient. For this reason, while the general complaint of patients applying for capillary treatment is a dermatologically better appearance, varicose veins treatment can often be requested as a need.
Capillaries have a thin layer of endothelium. In other words, it is not a thick vascular layer to resist the pressure in the arteries or to protect the blood permeability in the veins. When the thin vascular structure is under the sensitive skin tissue, the cracks begin to appear more prominent. Without the need for vasodilation, red-purple capillaries appear more in patients with fair skin color.
Capillary cracks It may tend to occur more in certain parts of the body. Legs, face, around the eyes are the areas with the most capillary varicose veins. The most important cause of capillary cracks, especially in the legs, is associated with a sedentary life, weight problem or working in jobs that require standing up a lot during the day. In addition to these, the causes of formation of capillaries can be increased.
Direct and excessive exposure to sunlight
UV rays in the sun pass through the malphigi bodies that produce the color pigments and reach the lower layer of the skin. UV rays with strong energy affect the elastin fibers in the dermis. Elastin fibers are the fibers that hold the tissues and organs in the body together in a flexible structure. Since the elastin fibers weakened by UV rays will hold the vessels more loosely, the capillaries come close to the skin and begin to become evident. Especially the veins with enlargement (dilatation) with the effect of heat can be seen more easily.
People with weight problems may have blood pressure problems. With the effect of excess weight, the pressure on the veins increases and this causes capillary cracks and varicose veins.
Pregnancy and hormones
Vascular ruptures are common during pregnancy. Because the rate of blood in the body increases by 50% in pregnant women. For this reason, the fluid pressure on the vessels increases and the capillaries begin to crack. Progesterone and estrogen change is also the first factor affecting the veins in women during menopause and menstruation.
Varicose veins and capillary cracks may be seen more in advanced ages. Because with aging, the elastin fibers in the skin weaken. In addition, the number of collagen fibers decreases. These structures ensure that the vessels remain in a flexible fixation between the tissues.
Alcohol and smoking
Toxic substances contain factors that increase blood pressure. Along with the increase in blood pressure, harmful substances adhere to the vessel walls and cause blockage. Therefore, blood has to pass through a small gap at high pressure.
Causes such as a sudden and hard blow to the body, direct contact with hot water, traumatize the skin and cause the veins to become prominent.
The above reasons may constitute a justification for treatment for capillaries.
Facial Capillary Treatment
It can be said that capillary cracks are a kind of vein damage before varicose veins. It is a kind of defect that is not dangerous before varicose and causes discoloration on the skin. It is most common on the face and legs. Capillary cracks, especially located on the face, are observed on the upper cheek and nose under detention. Capillary cracks in the leg can grow into varicose veins. For capillaries with slightly pronounced red-pink tones and 1-3 cm in size, the same treatment methods as for large diameter varicose veins on the legs are not applied.
Recently, new treatments have been developed thanks to technological medical devices instead of surgical techniques. There is a great deal of use and benefit of these devices in treatments for skin problems. For vascular treatments, the methods in which the patient’s discharge time is extended by opening the incision are now among the old methods. Instead of these, dermatological defects can be treated practically and painlessly with a few minutes of procedures, and the patient can return to his daily life within a few hours.
The facial area is the most conspicuous area in the society, which provides the self-confidence of the patients. Therefore, although capillary defects do not cause a certain pain and itching and are not dangerous, they constitute the reason for the person to apply to clinics for treatment in order to spend time with self-confidence in the society.
Since capillaries are sometimes a few micrometers in size, surgical methods are not required for treatment. In the sclerotherapy method, the veins are closed painlessly thanks to the medicine injected directly into the medicine. Known as “needle therapy” among the people, sclerotherapy should be applied by a specialist surgeon because it is not just a drug injection. It is decided whether the application should be made according to the general health status of the patient.
Using bandages and compression stockings after the procedure can protect the area and help the treatment process to be completed in a shorter time. Depending on the patient’s condition, the treatment can be extended for several sessions.
Capillary treatments More than one laser method can be applied for Among the most common laser methods are CO2, argon IPL, PDL KTP laser. Capillary varicose veins are variable in form and size. According to the physician’s examination, the method needed by the patient is decided and the application is made. It is very important to protect the area from sun rays in order to be protected from post-laser burns.
In the radiofrequency method, the energy of radio waves is converted into heat energy and applied to the vein. With high heat, the veins are closed permanently.
Capillary Crack Treatment
made up of percent capillary can be of different sizes and color tones. Of course, as differentiation increases, the time required for treatment may also vary. Treatment is easier when the capillaries on the face are more prominent and larger in blue and red tones. In laser and radiofrequency methods, it may be difficult for the beam and heat to reach the vein directly due to the thick layer of the skin. For this reason, treatment is performed with high heat and rays. While the heat and radiation energy from the device reaches the lower layer of the skin, some energy loss may occur.
If you need treatment, you can prevent advanced cases of varicose veins yourself with a few changes in daily life. Unhealthy diets and a sedentary lifestyle are the biggest causes of vascular ruptures. It is possible to have a firmer body and youthful skin with nutrition and movement patterns. In a sedentary life, the blood flow slows down after a while in the legs that are constantly in the same position. Since this situation will especially affect the legs, the number of varicose veins seen in the legs cannot be underestimated. Constantly standing and moving is likewise an invitation to irregular blood flow. For this reason, it may be necessary to lift your legs above your heart level at certain intervals and rest for 3-5 minutes. The hot effect is an important factor that makes the veins clear. Taking a shower in room temperature water is therefore healthier. Leg and foot health creates an obstacle for vessel cracks. No matter how stylish it looks, when high-heeled shoes are used constantly, it can be the biggest reason for capillary veins to become evident. You should take care to choose orthopedic shoes a few days a week.
There are rules that you should pay attention to after the treatment of a capillary crack that your doctor deems necessary and there is no obstacle after the examination. By listening to the advice of the physician, you can shorten the vessel healing time and prevent post-treatment complications.