Diabetes disease is increasing in epidemic form in our country and in the world. As a result, deaths from heart diseases and stroke increase. The rate of overt diabetes in our country has increased up to 18%. In addition, although there is no diabetes, it is around 10% in our society in patients with a slight increase in blood sugar before diabetes, which we call prediabetes (the stage before diabetes). Therefore, one out of every 4 people has problems with high sugar levels. In the past, diabetes was known as a disease seen in the elderly. Unfortunately, nowadays, the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes is made quite frequently from the age of 20.
In the light of this information, we can say that if we can remove the causes of diabetes compared to 20 years ago, we can delay or even prevent the development of diabetes. In my article last week, I talked about people who are prone to diabetes. People who have diseases such as obesity, a family history of diabetes, a history of diabetes during pregnancy, polycystic ovarian syndrome, cholesterol and hypertension are prone to diabetes.
We can delay or prevent diabetes by doing what risky people pay attention to delay and prevent the development of diabetes. I would like to examine this issue under three subject fish.
First, I will talk about nutrition regulation and healthy eating, secondly physical activity, and thirdly, the drugs I can use to prevent diabetes.
A regular and healthy diet should actually be our most important method in preventing diabetes. Unfortunately, our society also has an incredible carbohydrate diet. Pasta, potatoes, rice and all flour products are actually high-carb foods. In this type of eating habit, the pancreas is constantly stimulated for insulin secretion, leading to very rapid weight gain. In the younger generation, the habit of eating fatty foods (fast-food) together with carbohydrates also tires the pancreas and leads to weight gain. Therefore, diabetes is diagnosed quite frequently after the age of 20. As a society, we should definitely reduce pure carbohydrate foods, instead we should get our carbohydrate needs from foods containing complex carbohydrates (vegetables, fruits, legumes). In addition, the products we need for bread should be taken from wholemeal or whole wheat products containing fiber.
Increasing physical activity and acquiring regular sports habits are important issues in preventing the development of diabetes and obesity. Unfortunately, in the modern age, our movements have decreased by 80 percent. Our movements are very restricted due to houses with elevators, escalators, cars and ease of transportation. We can’t say that we have the habit of doing sports as a society anyway. In addition, our active life, which is limited by the introduction of television, computers and smart phones into our lives, has made almost every job possible by sitting down. Especially the younger generation has come to a position where they prefer playing games on the computer and dealing with the phone instead of doing sports. Especially, we need to make our young generation active. Therefore, methods to increase physical activity should be encouraged both in schools and in other members of the society. Especially high-risk people should do regular sports at least 4-5 days a week. As this type of sport, sports that increase socialization such as basketball, football, volleyball and tennis, which are played collectively by young people, should be preferred. We need to save our youth from mistaking sports as games played on computers. In middle-aged people, doing sports habits such as walking, jogging, swimming at least 3-4 times a week will both help them lose weight and make an extra contribution to preventing the development of diabetes.
As a result, corrections in eating habits that prevent weight gain and regular exercise habits are our most important weapons in preventing diabetes. In appropriate patients, medications to be given by the physician contribute to delaying the development of diabetes.
I wish you healthy days.