Callus

Callus is a problem that more or less everyone knows. Calluses are caused by friction or pressure.
It is a formation consisting of a horny layer. Dead skin cells build up to form a keratin (protein) layer
they form. As this condition progresses, the skin cells under the callus become inflamed, causing pain and discomfort.

Reasons

Calluses most often occur where the skin is exposed to excessive friction. Workers who work with their hands and
Those who walk barefoot may have thickening of the skin, which is not normally painful. However, for instance
violinists constantly rest their chin on the body of the violin or buy new shoes.
Painful calluses occur when shoes hit the feet at certain points.

Although all tight shoes and high heels can cause calluses, calluses are most common on the feet.
It occurs on the protrusions, between the toes, on the tops of the toes, on the heel. This is because here
protruding bone and constantly rubbing against shoes, somehow these areas are exposed to pressure.
is to remain. Some people, especially the elderly, are more prone to calluses.

In prosthesis wearers, calluses may also occur due to abrasion of the skin. In such cases, calluses
Removal of the cause is usually sufficient, but sometimes it may become necessary to remove the callus.

Symptoms

A callus is a thick layer of skin that is more yellowish than the surrounding normal skin. cone shaped
it could be. The calluses between the toes are mostly soft. Calluses are pain at the end of the day
They also cause discomfort when faced with pressure. When it becomes chronic or severe,
The skin around it becomes red and the calluses hurt a lot even when standing still. Symptoms are very diverse and sometimes
it would be difficult to separate the callus from the wart. However, the wart is usually smaller and painful with pressure. upper skin
When the layer is scraped, the root of the wart appears as black dots.

Calluses are uncomfortable and painful, but mostly not dangerous. A more serious problem, “hyperkeratosis”,
It is the condition of thickening and spreading of the skin on the palms and soles for no reason.
Hyperkeratosis should be shown to the doctor immediately. The only danger of calluses is the use of dirty instruments during removal.
infection and inflammation. Especially diabetic patients should pay attention to this issue.
it should. Since the blood circulation in the feet is poor, the infection can easily turn into gangrene.
That’s why it’s best for them to show their calluses to a specialist.

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