Bypass Surgery

In case of narrowing or blockage of the arteries feeding the heart, the surgical procedure is called bypass. Bypass can be expressed as bridging. Surgery is performed with a vein taken from another part of the body beyond the occluded area of ​​the artery and sufficient blood flow is ensured. Coronary bypass is surgery performed as a result of occlusion of the arteries that feed the heart, called the coronary arteries.

In Which Situations Is Bypass Applied?

Today, bypass surgery is generally preferred in cases where stent use is not suitable. However, in some cases, bypass may be preferred instead of stent. Bypass may be preferred if more than one vessel is clogged in a person with diabetes, if there is serious valve disease or if there is an obstacle for blood thinners that must be used after the stent.

What are the Risk Factors in Bypass Surgery?

The risks vary according to the patient’s pre-operative condition, age, gender, and whether or not he has other diseases. Risk factors include diabetes, obesity, kidney or lung diseases, whether or not they have had a previous heart attack, and whether there is a rhythm disorder.

With bypass surgeries, the current problem is solved at that moment and healthy blood flow is provided to the area fed by the clogged vessels. However, the existing atherosclerosis does not disappear with surgery. Therefore, the lifestyle of bypassed patients is very important after surgery.

Post Bypass

After the surgery, patients should have regular check-ups, avoid heavy sports, pay attention to their nutrition, and maintain their ideal weight. At this point, it is very important to avoid animal fats and prefer fish meat. As much as possible, no more than the expended calories should be taken. Since the function of bypass surgery is to increase the current quality of life, the patient can return to his active life after roughly a two-month rehabilitation period after the surgery.

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