Brief Information About Cardiology

WHAT IS CORONARY HEART DISEASE?

The most important complaint in the disease, which we call coronary heart disease, which is characterized by the narrowing of the coronary vessels that feeds the heart, is chest pain. This pain can be anywhere between the navel and the jaw. Pain typically occurs with exertion, walking, climbing stairs, or at rest. Pain is usually 5-10 min. It is a more common non-point pain of a compressive nature that lasts. Along with the pain, complaints such as burning, numbness, sweating, pressure, shortness of breath, palpitation may accompany. A few seconds or 1-2 minutes of pain or accompanying complaints. The fact that it is increased by touching and especially in the thumb and index fingers takes us away from the heart.

LIQUID CONSUMPTION IN HEART FAILURE PATIENTS

Daily water or fluid consumption is especially important in patients with heart failure and high blood pressure. Contrary to the common belief, especially in this patient group, excessive fluid consumption may worsen the clinical picture, heart failure, or make it difficult to control blood pressure. It is sufficient for these patients to take fluids as much as they need or when thirsty. Especially in patients with heart failure, daily fluid intake should not exceed 2 liters. These patients should not be forced to consume liquids even if they are not thirsty. They can control their own body fluid balance with daily or weekly weight tracking. Weight gain of more than 2-3 kilograms in a week should be a warning in the sense that heart failure will worsen.

WHAT IS A PERMANENT pacifier?

Permanent Pacemakers can be divided into three groups according to necessity. The first is the pacemaker, which is placed in order to keep the heart rate at a normal level and to increase it when necessary, in cases where the heart rate falls below the normal level. The second is the pacemaker called ICD, which gives a warning and shock to the heart when there is a life-threatening rhythm disorder in the heart, returning the rhythm to normal, that is, protecting the patients from sudden death. These batteries are especially necessary in patients with advanced heart failure and in some special situations. A third group of batteries is the batteries we call CRT-ICD, which contributes to both the shock and the contractility of the heart in patients with heart failure.

WHAT IS CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY? HOW TO DO?

The imaging of the vessels of the heart, which we call coronary angiography, is a procedure performed in the groin, arm or wrist region, accompanied by local anesthesia.

WHAT IS A PERMANENT pacifier? WHO IS ATTACHED?

Permanent pacemakers are procedures that are usually performed under local anesthesia without giving the patient general anesthesia. Generally, the battery is placed under the skin or intramuscularly with a 4-6 cm incision in the lower part of the bone, which we call the collarbone, in the left and sometimes right chest region. The process is completed by placing the battery electrodes, namely the cables, into the heart through the veins from the inside. Our patients are awake during the procedure. They can return to their daily lives by being discharged 1 or 2 days after the procedure.

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