Breast Pain (Mastalgia)

Breast disease is the most common complaint of our patients who apply to our General Surgery outpatient clinic. It occurs in 2 of every 3 women.

Mastalgia is classified into 3 groups:
1) Cyclic (occurring with periods),
2) Noncyclic (unrelated to periods),
3) Due to non-mammary causes.

Breast pain occurring with menses is the most common and is related to the menstrual cycle (menstrual period) and edema that develops in the breasts. It is usually bilateral and often occurs in the upper outer parts of the breast and sometimes spreads to the armpit.

Breast pain unrelated to periods may be continuous or intermittent. It is often unilateral and limited to one area of ​​the breast. Sometimes it can spread laterally. It can be sharp, burning, throbbing or painful. It can be continuous or intermittent. It is often unilateral and limited to one area of ​​the breast. Sometimes it can spread laterally. It can be sharp, burning, throbbing or painful. Although it is thought to be caused by sucking, its origin is often the chest wall, rarely the heart, lungs or gastrointestinal tract.

Cancer is detected in only 1-6% of patients presenting with breast pain. Therefore, we need to show that there is no breast cancer in women who come with breast pain. Breast pain associated with breast cancer is well localized and unrelated to menses.

To reduce menstrual-related breast pain,

1-We should reduce dietary fat

2- We should limit the consumption of tea, coffee, cola, chocolate and salt during and before the menstrual period,

3-We should do regular exercise,

4-We must use suitable bras

5- Medical treatment can be applied for breast pains that continue despite our lifestyle adjustments. Other drugs used for other reasons can be adjusted.

However, the first thing to do in every breast pain is to apply to our doctor to show that it is not necessarily breast cancer.

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